ESI Group: 2017 Full-year results

A year of transformation

  • Ongoing and controlled transformation
  • Catalyst and integrator of the industrial transformation
  • Revived sales momentum

PARIS--()--Commenting on the full-year results, Alain de Rouvray, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of ESI Group, said: “The operational performances over the year are significantly impacted by the transformative actions implemented to successfully deploy the new value proposition of the Group that addresses the emerging needs of our clients. This proposition is tied to the Outcome Economy and the Industry of the Future, drivers of unprecedented and accelerated changes in the economic and competitive context for manufacturing industries. It positions the Group as a catalyst and integrator of our customers’ digital transformation as they apply our multi-domain Virtual Prototyping solutions.

To consolidate our solutions, adapt our sales strategy and build methodological support teams for customers, we have implemented an active investment policy and a deep operational reorganization. Our disruptive solutions enable our customers to reduce time-to-market for innovative and more performant products in operation, targeting a “zero physical tests” methodology.

The major evolutions achieved in 2017, and pursued in 2018, pave the way for a new growth momentum. The shift towards Integral Virtual Prototyping in the pre certification phase and the Hybrid TwinTM to anticipate the “as-used” product performance in-Service have accelerated this trend. In this new and particularly aggressive and promising market, ESI has a unique positioning.”

Consolidated annual results

Financial year ending January 31

In € millions   FY 17   FY 16  

Δ at current

exchange rates


Δ at constant

exchange rates

Total sales 135.3 140.6 -3.8% -2.0%
Licenses 105.7 108.3 -2.4% -0.5%
Services 29.5 32.2 -8.4% -6.9%
Gross margin 97.8 103.1 -5.1% -3.1%
% of sales 72.3% 73.3%
EBITDA* 12.1 18.3 -33.7% -28.3%
% of sales 9.0% 13.0%
Current operating profit 9.2 15.4 -40.2% -34.0%
% of sales 6.8% 10.9%
EBIT 8.1 13.7 -41.1% -34.9%
% of sales 6.0% 9.8%
Attributable net profit 2.4 7.5 -68.4% -60.5%
% of sales   1.8%   5.4%        

These figures were approved by the Board of Directors’ meeting held on April 17, 2018.

(*) EBITDA excludes non-recurring items and includes the impacts of capitalized R&D expenditure and provisions/reversals for impairment of trade receivables.

Acquisition during the period: “Scilab Enterprises” was consolidated from February 28, 2017.

Solid sales momentum

As announced, full-year sales totaled €135.3 million, down 3.8% and 2.0%, respectively, at current and constant exchange rates. There was a negative forex impact over the year of €2.5 million, mainly reflecting the depreciations of the Japanese yen and to a lesser extent the US dollar.

There was a favorable shift in the product mix towards Licenses, which contributed 78% of total sales, compared with 77% last year.

Revenue from Licenses declined by 2.4% year-on-year to €105.7 million but remained stable at constant exchange rates. A lower share of revenue from Paid-Up licenses (“PUL”) in 2017 represents a stronger base in future contract renewals. The performance of New Business was stable at constant exchange rates at €17.8 million, compared to €17.9 million for 2016 (€17.6 million at constant exchange rates).

Services revenues declined by 8.4% to €29.5 million for the year in the wake of the exceptional performance in Japan in 2016.

ESI’s geographic sales mix reflects the slight drop in business in Asia which now contributes 38% of total revenues against 39% last year. The contribution of the Americas and Europe remained stable over the year at 16% and 46% of sales, respectively.

Gross margin

Gross margin came in at 72.3%, compared to 73.3% in 2016, showing a decrease attributable to a change in the services delivered. In 2016 there were several one-off projects in Japan that had a positive impact on margin. Also, the volume of Special Projects increased in 2017. These projects are at the core of the innovation using new technologies developed by the Group and have the objectives of cocreation with customers and intellectual property development. Gross margin for Licenses remained stable year on year at 85%.

Impact of transformation plan actions

Within the scope of the strategic transformation plan, investments in R&D were maintained at a high level and grew 6.7% on the year to €34.9 million (€32.7 million in 2016). These considerable investments reflect the efforts undertaken to develop the Group’s new disruptive technology offering underpinned by the Hybrid TwinTM approach. These investments represented 33.0% of Licensing revenue, compared to 30.2% in 2016. Once the research tax credit and capitalized R&D expenditure are taken into account, total R&D costs recorded in the P&L amounted to €28.7 million, an increase of 6.5%.

The adaptation of sales and marketing strategy helped to enhance the sales force and the visibility of ESI Group. The process of bringing the sales force into line with our value proposition and the operational support requirements of customer account managers and technical sales engineers led to changes at local level and this impacted sales performance for the year. S&M costs, which totaled €41.4 million (vs €41.8 million in 2016), i.e., 30.6% of revenues, do not properly reflect these investments as they include the reversal of provisions for doubtful receivables, particularly in China.

G&A costs amounted to €18.5 million (compared to €18.9 million in 2016) and represented 13.7% of revenues. Expenditure was contained while ensuring that the Group has a solid distribution network and larger offices for local support teams specialized in new technologies to develop and grow.

Repercussions on profitability indicators

EBITDA fell from €18.3 million to €12.1 million, giving an EBITDA margin of 9.0% for the year, compared with 13.0% in 2016. This drop is a result of the transformation plan which weighed on growth, and increased investments in R&D.

Current operating profit was €9.2 million, representing a current operating margin of 6.8%, or €6.2 million less than last year.

EBIT dropped €5.6 million to €8.1 million, giving an EBIT margin of 6.0%, compared to 9.8% in 2016.

The Financial Result was a net financial expense of €2.7 million, compared to a financial expense of €2.1 million in 2016, due to forex losses following the depreciation of the Japanese yen against the euro.

Attributable Net Profit came out at €2.4 million in 2017, giving a net margin of 1.8%.

A stronger financial structure

The Group had a positive cash balance of €15.7 million at the reporting date. Net debt stood at €31.9 million at January 31, 2018 versus €37.3 million at January 31, 2017. The gearing (debt-to-equity) ratio was 31.4%, compared to 37.6% in 2016.

At January 31, 2018, ESI Group held 6.8% of its capital in treasury stock.

An ongoing and controlled transformation

2017 was a year of transformation that featured major strategic investments and a reorganization around three pillars. It represented an essential milestone, before a better growth momentum as early as 2018. The impact of this transformation is based on the value creation and the credibility of our solutions, clearly confirmed by our relations with our innovative customers and partners.

Structuring ESI’s offer development around the three pillars of our core activities will enable it to leverage all of the strength of its two historic core businesses – Engineering and Manufacturing – in order to provide industrial clients with Virtual Prototyping solutions for developing and manufacturing industrial products. The French vehicle manufacturer startup Gazelle Tech is a pioneering high potential example. It succeeded in developing its concept of “sustainable mobility for all” with ESI’s Integral Virtual Prototyping solutions, by designing, certifying and producing, in less than 3 years, a vehicle which is intended for the emerging countries market.

Throughout the year 2017, ESI also strengthened its collaboration with AP&T, the hot forming systems builder. Initially a supplier of individual tooling software for virtual testing, ESI has progressively emerged as a strategic partner for AP&T, enabling the company to meet Industry 4.0. challenges for the manufacturing of its smart assembly lines with an Integral Virtual Prototyping solution; chaining the virtual tests that now replicate each individual step in the manufacturing process.

The third core activity – In-Service – couples Big Data and Artificial Intelligence to complement the Virtual Prototype with collected data in operation (IoT) and enriched by Machine Learning. This pillar is the catalyst for the new value proposition. This sets ESI well apart based on its ability to partner with clients throughout a product’s entire lifecycle, including in its “as used” state after it has been put on the market. ESI Group aims to harness this transformation to target a much broader customer base that includes engineering consultants, manufacturing plants, product operators that are concerned by maintenance cost, and insurance companies.

At this stage of its development, thanks to the high growth potential of its market, ESI Group has the essential assets it needs to successfully realize its vision and the adoption of its new value proposition.

Next events:

SFAF meeting

April 19, 2018

      Q1 2018 sales

May 29, 2018

      Shareholders meeting

July 18, 2018


About ESI Group

ESI Group is a leading innovator in Virtual Prototyping software and services. Specialist in material physics, ESI has developed a unique proficiency in helping industrial manufacturers replace physical prototypes by virtual prototypes, allowing them to virtually manufacture, assemble, test and pre-certify their future products. Coupled with the latest technologies, Virtual Prototyping is now anchored in the wider concept of the Product Performance LifecycleTM, which addresses the operational performance of a product during its entire lifecycle, from launch to disposal. The creation of Hybrid TwinTM, leveraging simulation, physics and data analysis, enables manufacturers to deliver smarter and connected products, to predict product performance and to anticipate maintenance needs.

ESI is a French company listed in compartment B of Euronext Paris. Present in more than 40 countries, and addressing every major industrial sector, ESI Group employs about 1200 high-level specialists around the world and reported annual sales of €135 million in 2017.

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