HOUSTON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Bio-Path Holdings, Inc. (OTCQX: BPTH) (“Bio-Path”), a biotechnology company developing a liposomal delivery technology for nucleic acid antisense cancer drugs, today announced that it has completed treatment of the fourth dosage cohort in its Phase I clinical trial of its lead product candidate, BP-100-1.01 (Liposomal Grb-2), which is a systemic treatment for blood cancers, including acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The trial is being conducted at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (MD Anderson Cancer Center). The drug’s safety profile continues to be favorable, with no treatment-related serious adverse events reported, and data continues to suggest some possible anti-leukemia activity. Due to the favorable safety profile of Liposomal Grb-2 demonstrated to date, Bio-Path announced plans to integrate higher dosing into the Phase I clinical trial.
“The data from Cohort 4 continues to be consistent with earlier cohorts of the trial, demonstrating consistent safety, as well as a continuation of possible anti-leukemia activity related to the drug”
Separately, Bio-Path provided an update on clinical development of Liposomal Grb-2 announcing its intent to conduct three Phase II clinical trials of Liposomal Grb-2 salvage therapy in combination with frontline therapy in three different leukemia disease types.
Completion of Cohort 4
A total of three patients were enrolled and dosed in the fourth cohort of the study. All three patients completed the 28-day treatment cycle and were evaluable. Liposomal Grb-2 is systemically delivered by intravenous injection. Patients received a dose of 40 mg/m2 twice a week for four weeks, for a total of eight doses. Preliminary results suggest that Liposomal Grb-2, at a dose of 40 mg/m2 is well tolerated. The protocol for the clinical trial includes dose escalation of 5, 10, 20, 40 and 50 mg/m2. The expected dose for treatment is 45 mg/m2 based on pre-clinical studies in animals.
As was the case with the three previous cohorts, there continued to be a suggestion of possible anti-leukemia activity. One patient stabilized and qualified to receive additional treatment. Two other AML patients with more than 90 percent blast count did not receive extended treatment.
Another positive development is the fact that one patient from Cohort 3 is continuing treatment with Liposomal Grb-2, and is currently in a fourth treatment cycle. This patient started treatment seven months ago at the end of March 2012, and is reportedly in a stable condition at this time as treatment with Liposomal Grb-2 continues.
“The data from Cohort 4 continues to be consistent with earlier cohorts of the trial, demonstrating consistent safety, as well as a continuation of possible anti-leukemia activity related to the drug,” said Peter Nielsen, President and Chief Executive Officer of Bio-Path. “We continue to be very encouraged as the trial continues, particularly as it is important to remember that patients in our clinical trial are refractory or relapsed to current therapies and have failed other approved treatments. These patients have very advanced stages of disease, and are often in very poor condition. Although fewer patients in Cohort 4 qualified for extended treatment, it is interesting to note that the two who did not qualify for extended treatment were both AML patients with more than 90 percent blast count. It may be that there just was not enough drug administered at the Cohort 4 dose level for stabilization to occur in these severely ill patients.”
Testing of Higher Doses in the Phase I Clinical Trial
To date, there has been no evidence of significant toxicity from treatment of patients with Liposomal Grb-2. This provides a significant opportunity for the Company to test higher doses in patients in order to find a dose that provides maximum potential benefit and duration of anti-leukemia effect. Bio-Path’s Phase I protocol calls for stopping testing after the final dose of 50 mg/m2 in Cohort 5. The principal investigator for the clinical trial, in consultation with Bio-Path’s board of directors, determined that with the absence of any real toxicity barriers, the Company should continue to evaluate higher doses of Liposomal Grb-2.
Dosages of Liposomal Grb-2, evaluated to date, in Cohorts 1 through 4 of the clinical trial consisted of 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg/m2. The expanded protocol will continue at 50 percent increments, with the next dose for Cohort 5 being 60 mg/m2 and the following dose 90 mg/m2 for Cohort 6. As with the previously approved protocol, dosing stops if a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is reached; this will continue to be the case with the revised protocol. However, since it is felt among the clinical team and the Company that a MTD will likely not be reached, the Company will halt testing once an optimally biological dose is achieved. If advantageous, the Company can continue testing at a higher dose of 135 mg/m2, with 33 percent increments thereafter.
The Company has submitted the updated dosing plan to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and has just recently received approval from the MD Anderson Cancer Center’s Institutional Review Board for the revised protocol. All necessary steps to proceed with the new Cohort 5 dosing are expected to be completed by the end of December 2012. Assuming that only two additional cohorts, testing higher doses of the drug candidate are needed, dosing in the Phase I clinical trial should be completed by mid-year 2013.
“We are extremely fortunate that the safety profile of our drug candidate Liposomal Grb-2 allows us to continue dosing at higher levels. By testing additional doses, we should be able to determine an optimal dose for response of treatment and duration of response, providing us with additional information in order to be more proficient in the design of future clinical trials, positioning us for likelier success,” said Mr. Nielsen.
Phase II Clinical Trials of Liposomal Grb-2 Combination Salvage Therapy in Three Separate Types of Leukemia
Separately, Bio-Path today announced plans to further progress Liposomal Grb-2 into Phase II development. Following discussions with the principal investigator for the clinical trial and Bio-Path’s Board of Directors, the Company plans to conduct three Phase II clinical trials of Liposomal Grb-2 salvage therapy in three of the types of leukemia that are currently being evaluated in the Company’s Phase I clinical trial. These indications include AML, CML and MDS.
While not yet finalized, the outline of the proposed clinical program for Liposomal Grb-2 is to evaluate the compound in a Phase I/II clinical trial in combination with the frontline therapy for each of the leukemia types: AML, CML and MDS. The Phase I portion of the trial will be a single cohort in three patients to test for any potential negative synergies of using the two drugs together. After successfully passing that test, the clinical trial would immediately proceed into a Phase II trial.
The Phase II trial in each of the diseases: AML, CML and MDS, is planned to have 25 to 30 patients per indication. The trials will be conducted at four of the leading cancer centers in the nation, including the MD Anderson Cancer Center. Dr. Jorge Cortes will continue in his role as Principal Investigator for the Phase II clinical trials. The primary endpoint for the study is contemplated to be duration of response. It is expected that there will be only one combination dose administered to each patient in their respective Phase II trial, and consequently, there will not be any time-consuming dose escalation steps. Each patient will receive a full treatment cycle, consisting of two doses per week for four weeks. Utilizing the expertise of four leading cancer centers in the Phase II program should allow the trial to proceed at a good pace. Ideally, once the Phase II portion of the trial is opened, it should be possible for dosing to be completed within six months. The Company anticipates starting and completing this phase of development in 2013.
Lastly, in commenting on the Phase II clinical trials, Mr. Nielsen said, “The plans to develop Liposomal Grb-2 as combination salvage therapy treatment for advanced stage patients with AML, CML and MDS is an extremely important development for Bio-Path. The opportunity for three drug approvals in a relatively moderate time frame is a potentially significant opportunity for Bio-Path’s shareholders. Down regulation of the Grb-2 protein acts like a light switch in shutting down the leukemia cancers being studied. Liposomal Grb-2 in combination with frontline therapies has the potential to extend effectiveness of frontline therapies indefinitely in these patients, which would be a major therapeutic milestone for patients.”
About Bio-Path’s Delivery Technology
Bio-Path’s drug delivery technology involves microscopic-sized liposome particles that distribute nucleic acid drugs systemically and safely throughout the human body, via simple intravenous infusion. The delivery technology is applied to single stranded (antisense) nucleic acid compounds with the potential to revolutionize the treatment of cancer and other diseases where drugable targets of disease are well characterized. The Company is currently focused on developing liposomal antisense drug candidates. Bio-Path also anticipates developing liposome tumor targeting technology, representing next-generation enhancements to the Company’s core liposome delivery technology.
About Growth Receptor Bound protein-2 (Grb-2)
The adaptor protein Growth Receptor Bound protein-2 (Grb-2) is essential to cancer cell signaling because it is utilized by oncogenic tyrosine kinases to induce cancer progression. Suppressing the function or expression of Grb2 should interrupt its vital signaling function and have a therapeutic application in cancer. BP-100.1.01 is a neutral-charge, liposome-incorporated antisense drug substance designed to inhibit Grb-2 expression.
About Bio-Path Holdings, Inc.
Bio-Path is a biotechnology company focused on developing therapeutic products utilizing its proprietary liposomal delivery technology designed to systemically distribute nucleic acid drugs throughout the human body with a simple intravenous transfusion. Bio-Path’s lead product candidate, Liposomal Grb-2, is in a Phase I study for blood cancers. Bio-Path’s second drug candidate, also a liposomal antisense drug, is ready for the clinic where it will be evaluated in lymphoma and solid tumors.
Any statements that are not historical facts contained in this release are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, including Bio-Path’s ability to raise needed additional capital on a timely basis in order for it to continue its operations, have success in the clinical development of its technologies, the timing of enrollment and release of data in such clinical studies and the accuracy of such data, limited patient populations of early stage clinical studies and the possibility that results from later stage clinical trials with much larger patient populations may not be consistent with earlier stage clinical trials, and such other risks which are identified in the Company's most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and in any subsequent quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. These documents are available on request from Bio-Path Holdings or at www.sec.gov. Bio-Path disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
For more information, please visit the Company's website at http://www.biopathholdings.com.