Arch Capital Group Ltd. Reports 2017 Second Quarter Results

HAMILTON, Bermuda--()--Arch Capital Group Ltd. (NASDAQ:ACGL) reports that net income available to Arch common shareholders for the 2017 second quarter was $173.8 million, or $1.25 per share, compared to $205.6 million, or $1.65 per share, for the 2016 second quarter. The Company’s net income available to Arch common shareholders represented an annualized return on average common equity of 8.7% for the 2017 second quarter, compared to 13.3% for the 2016 second quarter. For the trailing twelve months ended June 30, 2017, net income available to Arch common shareholders produced a 10.0% return on average common equity. The Company’s book value per common share was $59.60 at June 30, 2017, a 3.3% increase from $57.69 per share at March 31, 2017 and a 15.2% increase from $51.73 per share at June 30, 2016. All earnings per share amounts discussed in this release are on a diluted basis.

The Company also reported after-tax operating income available to Arch common shareholders, a non-GAAP measure, of $168.9 million, or $1.21 per share, for the 2017 second quarter, compared to $140.6 million, or $1.13 per share, for the 2016 second quarter. The Company’s after-tax operating income available to Arch common shareholders represented an annualized return on average common equity of 8.5% for the 2017 second quarter, compared to 9.1% for the 2016 second quarter. For the trailing twelve months ended June 30, 2017, after-tax operating income available to Arch common shareholders produced a 9.1% return on average common equity. See ‘Comments on Regulation G’ for further details.

The following table summarizes the Company’s underwriting results, both on a consolidated basis and a consolidated basis excluding the ‘other’ segment (i.e., results of Watford Re):

       
(U.S. dollars in thousands) Consolidated Consolidated Excluding ‘Other’ Segment (1)
Three Months Ended June 30, Three Months Ended June 30,
2017   2016   % Change 2017   2016   % Change
 
Gross premiums written $ 1,609,659 $ 1,329,936 21.0 $ 1,533,142 $ 1,292,199 18.6
Net premiums written 1,248,695 1,023,563 22.0 1,108,292 918,735 20.6
Net premiums earned 1,240,874 1,005,985 23.3 1,090,120 885,418 23.1
Underwriting income 195,419 116,626 67.6 198,062 118,350 67.4
Underwriting Ratios

% Point
Change

% Point
Change

Loss ratio 55.6 % 58.1 % (2.5 ) 53.1 % 56.6 % (3.5 )
Acquisition expense ratio 15.3 % 17.2 % (1.9 ) 14.3 % 15.7 % (1.4 )
Other operating expense ratio 13.7 % 15.6 % (1.9 ) 14.8 % 17.1 % (2.3 )
Combined ratio 84.6 % 90.9 % (6.3 ) 82.2 % 89.4 % (7.2 )
 
(1)   Pursuant to generally accepted accounting principles, Watford Re is considered a variable interest entity and the Company concluded that it is the primary beneficiary of Watford Re. As such, the Company consolidates the results of Watford Re (i.e., the ‘other’ segment) in its consolidated financial statements, although it only owns approximately 11% of Watford Re’s common equity.
 

See ‘Comments on Regulation G’ for a reconciliation of underwriting income or loss to income before income taxes and net income available to Arch common shareholders.

The following table summarizes the Company’s consolidated financial data, including a reconciliation of net income available to Arch common shareholders to after-tax operating income available to Arch common shareholders and related diluted per share results:

       
(U.S. dollars in thousands, except share data) Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2017   2016 2017   2016
Net income available to Arch common shareholders $ 173,818 $ 205,570 $ 415,727 $ 354,884
Net realized (gains) losses (18,452 ) (43,935 ) (47,586 ) (76,399 )
Net impairment losses recognized in earnings 1,730 5,343 3,537 12,982
Equity in net (income) loss of investment funds accounted for using the equity method (32,706 ) (8,737 ) (80,794 ) (15,392 )
Net foreign exchange (gains) losses 38,012 (22,703 ) 57,808 (494 )
UGC transaction costs and other 2,675 18,259
Income tax (benefit) expense (1) 3,842   5,036   (67 ) 10,735  
After-tax operating income available to Arch common shareholders $ 168,919   $ 140,574   $ 366,884   $ 286,316  
 

Diluted per common share results:

Net income available to Arch common shareholders $ 1.25 $ 1.65 $ 2.99 $ 2.85
Net realized (gains) losses (0.13 ) (0.35 ) (0.34 ) (0.62 )
Net impairment losses recognized in earnings 0.01 0.04 0.02 0.10
Equity in net (income) loss of investment funds accounted for using the equity method (0.24 ) (0.07 ) (0.58 ) (0.12 )
Net foreign exchange (gains) losses 0.27 (0.18 ) 0.42 0.00
UGC transaction costs and other 0.02 0.00 0.13 0.00
Income tax (benefit) expense (1) 0.03   0.04   0.00   0.09  
After-tax operating income available to Arch common shareholders $ 1.21   $ 1.13   $ 2.64   $ 2.30  
 
Weighted average common shares and common share equivalents outstanding — diluted 139,244,646 124,365,596 139,140,632 124,425,126
 
Beginning common shareholders’ equity $ 7,833,289 $ 6,050,248 $ 7,481,163 $ 5,841,542
Ending common shareholders’ equity 8,126,332   6,340,583   8,126,332   6,340,583  
Average common shareholders’ equity $ 7,979,811   $ 6,195,416   $ 7,803,748   $ 6,091,063  
 
Annualized return on average common equity 8.7 % 13.3 % 10.7 % 11.7 %
Annualized operating return on average common equity 8.5 % 9.1 % 9.4 % 9.4 %
 
(1)   Income tax expense on net realized gains or losses, net impairment losses recognized in earnings, equity in net income (loss) of investment funds accounted for using the equity method, net foreign exchange gains or losses and UGC transaction costs and other reflects the relative mix reported by jurisdiction and the varying tax rates in each jurisdiction.
 

Each line item in the table above reflects the impact of the Company’s approximate 11% ownership of Watford Re’s common equity. See ‘Comments on Regulation G’ for a discussion of non-GAAP financial measures.

Segment Information

The following section provides analysis on the Company’s 2017 second quarter performance by operating segment. For additional details regarding the Company’s operating segments, please refer to the Company’s Financial Supplement dated June 30, 2017. The Company’s segment information includes the use of underwriting income and a combined ratio excluding catastrophic activity and prior year development for the insurance segment and reinsurance segment and a combined ratio excluding prior year development for the mortgage segment. Such items are non-GAAP financial measures (see ‘Comments on Regulation G’ for further details).

Insurance Segment

     
Three Months Ended June 30,
(U.S. dollars in thousands) 2017   2016   % Change
 
Gross premiums written $ 743,902 $ 762,043 (2.4 )
Net premiums written 496,456 515,168 (3.6 )
Net premiums earned 517,574 527,650 (1.9 )
 
Underwriting income (loss) $ (4,504 ) $ 4,265 (205.6 )
 
Underwriting Ratios

% Point
Change

Loss ratio 67.8 % 67.2 % 0.6
Underwriting expense ratio 33.0 % 32.0 % 1.0  
Combined ratio 100.8 % 99.2 % 1.6  
 
Catastrophic activity and prior year development:
Current accident year catastrophic events, net of
reinsurance and reinstatement premiums 1.6 % 3.9 % (2.3 )
Net (favorable) adverse development in prior year loss
reserves, net of related adjustments (0.2 )% (0.8 )% 0.6  
Combined ratio excluding catastrophic activity and prior year development (1) 99.4 % 96.1 % 3.3  
 
(1)   See ‘Comments on Regulation G’ for further discussion.
 

Gross premiums written by the insurance segment in the 2017 second quarter were 2.4% lower than in the 2016 second quarter while net premiums written were 3.6% lower than in the 2016 second quarter. The decrease in net premiums written largely reflected our response to weaker market conditions, with reductions in construction, excess and surplus casualty and property lines, partially offset by growth in programs. The lower level of construction premiums reflected non-renewals as well as lower audit and project premium, while excess and surplus casualty reflected a targeted reduction in certain exposures, increased use of reinsurance and other factors. The reduction in property lines reflected continued weak market conditions while growth in program business primarily reflected the continued impact of two newer programs. Net premiums earned by the insurance segment in the 2017 second quarter were 1.9% lower than in the 2016 second quarter, and reflect changes in net premiums written over the previous five quarters.

The 2017 second quarter loss ratio reflected 1.6 points of current year catastrophic activity, compared to 3.9 points in the 2016 second quarter. Estimated net favorable development in prior year loss reserves, before related adjustments, reduced the loss ratio by 0.4 points in the 2017 second quarter, compared to 0.9 points in the 2016 second quarter. The balance of the change in the 2017 second quarter loss ratio resulted, in part, from a softening market environment and changes in the mix of business.

The underwriting expense ratio was 33.0% in the 2017 second quarter, compared to 32.0% in the 2016 second quarter. The comparison of the underwriting expense ratios reflected changes in the mix of business and the level of reinsurance ceded on a quota share basis.

Reinsurance Segment

     
Three Months Ended June 30,
(U.S. dollars in thousands) 2017   2016   % Change
 
Gross premiums written $ 453,186 $ 412,053 10.0
Net premiums written 337,924 292,102 15.7
Net premiums earned 314,702 291,256 8.0
Other underwriting income (loss) (279 ) 20,118 (101.4 )
 
Underwriting income $ 18,955 $ 72,613 (73.9 )
 
Underwriting Ratios

% Point
Change

Loss ratio 66.0 % 50.2 % 15.8
Underwriting expense ratio 28.0 % 31.8 % (3.8 )
Combined ratio 94.0 % 82.0 % 12.0  
 
Catastrophic activity and prior year development:
Current accident year catastrophic events, net of
reinsurance and reinstatement premiums 5.2 % 5.4 % (0.2 )
Net (favorable) adverse development in prior year loss
reserves, net of related adjustments (12.3 )% (21.7 )% 9.4  
Combined ratio excluding catastrophic activity and prior year development (1) 101.1 % 98.3 % 2.8  
 
(1)   See ‘Comments on Regulation G’ for further discussion.
 

Gross premiums written by the reinsurance segment in the 2017 second quarter were 10.0% higher than in the 2016 second quarter, while net premiums written were 15.7% higher than in the 2016 second quarter. Gross and net premiums written in both periods reflected an increase in other specialty business related to certain retroactive reinsurance contracts. For the 2017 second quarter, net premiums written included $53.6 million related to such contracts, compared to $40.2 million in the 2016 second quarter. Such premiums, which were with the same cedent but covered different underwriting years, were substantially earned in each period and resulted in a corresponding increase to losses and loss adjustment expenses. In addition to the retroactive reinsurance contracts noted above, the increase in net premiums written in the 2017 second quarter reflected growth in other specialty, primarily new international motor quota share business, partially offset by a reduction in property catastrophe business. Net premiums earned by the reinsurance segment in the 2017 second quarter were 8.0% higher than in the 2016 second quarter, and reflect changes in net premiums written over the previous five quarters.

Other underwriting income (loss) for the 2017 second quarter was de minimis, while the 2016 second quarter reflected $19.1 million related to a contract which was commuted during the period. This contract had been reflected as a deposit accounting liability (i.e., a contract that, in accordance with GAAP, does not pass risk transfer) prior to the commutation.

The 2017 second quarter loss ratio included 5.4 points of current year catastrophic activity, compared to 6.1 points of catastrophic activity in the 2016 second quarter. Estimated net favorable development in prior year loss reserves, before related adjustments, reduced the loss ratio by 12.6 points in the 2017 second quarter, compared to 24.0 points in the 2016 second quarter. The estimated net favorable development in the 2017 second quarter primarily resulted from better than expected claims emergence in short-tail business from more recent underwriting years and in longer-tail business across earlier underwriting years. The 2017 second quarter loss ratio contained $34.8 million, or 11.1 points, of property facultative loss activity, compared to $7.8 million, or 2.7 points, in the 2016 second quarter.

The underwriting expense ratio was 28.0% in the 2017 second quarter, compared to 31.8% in the 2016 second quarter. The retroactive reinsurance contracts noted above improved the reported 2017 second quarter underwriting expense ratio by 5.6 points, compared to 5.0 points in the 2016 second quarter. The comparison of the underwriting expense ratios primarily reflected changes in the mix and type of business and a higher level of net premiums earned in the 2017 second quarter.

Mortgage Segment

     
Three Months Ended June 30,
(U.S. dollars in thousands) 2017   2016   % Change
 
Gross premiums written $ 336,226 $ 118,434 183.9
Net premiums written 273,912 111,465 145.7
Net premiums earned 257,844 66,512 287.7
Other underwriting income 4,277 4,137 3.4
 
Underwriting income $ 183,611 $ 41,472 342.7
 
Underwriting Ratios

% Point
Change

Loss ratio 8.0 % 0.6 % 7.4
Underwriting expense ratio 22.5 % 43.4 % (20.9 )
Combined ratio 30.5 % 44.0 % (13.5 )
 
Net (favorable) adverse development in prior year loss
reserves, net of related adjustments (11.5 )% (16.6 )% 5.1  
Combined ratio excluding prior year development (1) 42.0 % 60.6 % (18.6 )
 
(1)   See ‘Comments on Regulation G’ for further discussion.
 

The mortgage segment includes the Company’s U.S. mortgage insurance operations (“Arch MI U.S.”), international mortgage insurance and reinsurance operations as well as government sponsored enterprise (“GSE”) credit-risk sharing transactions. On December 31, 2016, the Company completed the acquisition of United Guaranty Corporation (“UGC”). As such, the 2017 second quarter results reflect the combination of Arch and UGC while the 2016 second quarter does not reflect UGC activity. The acquisition of UGC expanded the scale of Arch MI U.S. by combining UGC’s position as the market leader in the U.S. private mortgage insurance industry with Arch’s financial strength and history of innovation.

Gross premiums written by the mortgage segment in the 2017 second quarter were significantly higher than in the 2016 second quarter, primarily reflecting the growth in insurance in force due to the acquisition of UGC. The lower growth rate on net premiums written in the 2017 second quarter reflected cessions to AIG under the 50% quota share reinsurance agreement, which covers 2014 to 2016 policy years of UGC business on a run-off basis, while the higher increase in net premiums earned for the 2017 second quarter reflected growth in insurance in force over the last twelve months.

Arch MI U.S. generated $17.3 billion of new insurance written (“NIW”) during the 2017 second quarter, compared to $12.7 billion during the 2017 first quarter. Monthly premium policies contributed 85.7% of 2017 second quarter NIW, compared to 81.9% in the 2017 first quarter. The sequential growth in NIW reflected seasonality driven by increased home purchase loans, offset by a lower level of refinance loans.

The loss ratio for the 2017 second quarter reflected estimated net favorable development in prior year loss reserves, before related adjustments, of 11.5 points, compared to 9.6 points in the 2017 first quarter. The estimated net favorable development in the 2017 periods was primarily driven by continued lower than expected claim rates and subrogation activity, with the ending percentage of loans in default on first lien business declining to 2.02% at June 30, 2017 from 2.25% at March 31, 2017.

The mortgage segment’s underwriting expense ratio was 22.5% in the 2017 second quarter, compared to 28.9% in the 2017 first quarter. The lower underwriting expense ratio in the 2017 second quarter reflected the benefits of integration activities which reduced aggregate expenses for the period, while the 2017 first quarter reflected a higher level of expenses on international mortgage business.

At June 30, 2017, the mortgage segment’s risk-in-force (before reinsurance) of $67.3 billion consisted of $62.4 billion from Arch MI U.S. with the remainder from reinsurance and risk-sharing operations. For additional information on the mortgage segment, please refer to the Company’s Financial Supplement dated June 30, 2017.

Corporate and Non-Underwriting

Corporate and non-underwriting results include net investment income, other income (loss), corporate expenses, UGC transaction costs and other, amortization of intangible assets, interest expense, dividends on the Company’s non-cumulative preferred shares, net realized gains or losses, net impairment losses included in earnings, equity in net income or loss of investment funds accounted for using the equity method, net foreign exchange gains or losses and income taxes. Such amounts exclude the results of the ‘other’ segment.

Net investment income for the 2017 second quarter was $0.66 per share, or $92.5 million, compared to $0.57 per share, or $70.4 million, for the 2016 second quarter. The 2017 second quarter net investment income reflected income on the acquired UGC portfolio, partially offset by higher investment expenses. The annualized pre-tax investment income yield was 2.04% for the 2017 second quarter, compared to 2.08% for the 2016 second quarter.

Corporate expenses were $22.2 million for the 2017 second quarter, compared to $17.2 million for the 2016 second quarter, with the increase primarily due to higher incentive compensation costs. UGC transaction costs and other were $2.7 million for the 2017 second quarter, compared to $15.6 million in the 2017 first quarter. UGC transaction costs and other include advisory, financing, legal, severance, incentive compensation and other transaction costs related to the UGC acquisition. Amounts for the 2017 second quarter primarily reflected severance and severance related costs.

Amortization of intangible assets for the 2017 second quarter was $30.8 million, compared to $4.9 million for the 2016 second quarter. The higher level of expense for the 2017 second quarter reflects the amortization of intangible assets included in the UGC acquisition, including intangible assets related to acquired insurance contracts and distribution relationships.

Interest expense for the 2017 second quarter was $25.9 million, compared to $12.4 million for the 2016 second quarter, with the increase primarily reflecting the impact of the issuance of the Company’s 2026 and 2046 senior notes in December 2016 and the higher level of borrowings under the Company’s revolving credit agreement. Preferred dividends for the 2017 second quarter were $11.3 million, compared to $5.5 million for the 2016 second quarter, with the increase reflecting the impact of the issuance of series E preferred shares in September 2016. The proceeds from the debt and preferred offerings were used to close the UGC acquisition on December 31, 2016. For additional information on the Company’s capital structure, please refer to the Financial Supplement dated June 30, 2017.

On a pre-tax basis, net foreign exchange losses for the 2017 second quarter were $37.8 million, compared to net foreign exchange gains for the 2016 second quarter of $22.5 million. For both periods, such amounts were primarily unrealized and resulted from the effects of revaluing the Company’s net insurance liabilities required to be settled in foreign currencies at each balance sheet date. Changes in the value of available-for-sale investments held in foreign currencies due to foreign currency rate movements are reflected as a direct increase or decrease to shareholders’ equity and are not included in the consolidated statements of income. Although the Company generally attempts to match the currency of its projected liabilities with investments in the same currencies, the Company may elect to over or underweight one or more currencies from time to time, which could increase the Company’s exposure to foreign currency fluctuations and increase the volatility of the Company’s shareholders’ equity.

The Company’s effective tax rate on income before income taxes (based on the Company’s estimated annual effective tax rate) was 15.6% for the 2017 second quarter, compared to 6.3% for the 2016 second quarter. The Company’s effective tax rate on pre-tax operating income available to Arch shareholders was 14.4% for the 2017 second quarter, compared to 5.9% for the 2016 second quarter. The Company’s effective tax rate fluctuates from year to year based upon the relative mix of income or loss reported by jurisdiction and the varying tax rates in each jurisdiction. The Company’s quarterly tax provision is adjusted to reflect changes in its estimated annual effective tax rate, if any.

Capitalization and Shareholders’ Equity

At June 30, 2017, total capital available to Arch of $11.13 billion consisted of $1.73 billion of senior notes, representing 15.6% of the total, $500.0 million of revolving credit agreement borrowings, representing 4.5% of the total, $772.6 million of preferred shares, representing 6.9% of the total, and common shareholders’ equity of $8.13 billion, representing 73.0% of the total. At December 31, 2016, total capital available to Arch of $10.49 billion consisted of $1.73 billion of senior notes, representing 16.5% of the total, $500.0 million of revolving credit agreement borrowings, representing 4.8% of the total, $772.6 million of preferred shares, representing 7.4% of the total, and common shareholders’ equity of $7.48 billion, representing 71.3% of the total.

Conference Call

The Company will hold a conference call for investors and analysts at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time on July 27, 2017. A live webcast of this call will be available via the Investors section of the Company’s website at http://www.archcapgroup.com. A telephone replay of the conference call also will be available beginning on July 27, 2017 at 2:00 p.m. Eastern Time until August 3, 2017 at midnight Eastern Time. To access the replay, domestic callers should dial 855-859-2056, and international callers should dial 404-537-3406 (passcode 48620454 for all callers).

Please refer to the Company’s Financial Supplement dated June 30, 2017, which is available via the Investors section of the Company’s website at http://www.archcapgroup.com. The Financial Supplement provides additional detail regarding the financial performance of the Company. From time to time, the Company posts additional financial information and presentations to its website, including information with respect to its subsidiaries. Investors and other recipients of this information are encouraged to check the Company’s website regularly for additional information regarding the Company.

Arch Capital Group Ltd., a Bermuda-based company with approximately $11.13 billion in capital at June 30, 2017, provides insurance, reinsurance and mortgage insurance on a worldwide basis through its wholly owned subsidiaries.

Comments on Regulation G

Throughout this release, the Company presents its operations in the way it believes will be the most meaningful and useful to investors, analysts, rating agencies and others who use the Company’s financial information in evaluating the performance of the Company and that investors and such other persons benefit from having a consistent basis for comparison between quarters and for comparison with other companies within the industry. These measures may not, however, be comparable to similarly titled measures used by companies outside of the insurance industry. Investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing the Company’s overall financial performance.

This presentation includes the use of “after-tax operating income or loss available to Arch common shareholders,” which is defined as net income available to Arch common shareholders, excluding net realized gains or losses, net impairment losses recognized in earnings, equity in net income or loss of investment funds accounted for using the equity method, net foreign exchange gains or losses, UGC transaction costs and other and income taxes, and the use of annualized operating return on average common equity. The presentation of after-tax operating income available to Arch common shareholders and annualized operating return on average common equity are non-GAAP financial measures as defined in Regulation G. The reconciliation of such measures to net income available to Arch common shareholders and annualized return on average common equity (the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures) in accordance with Regulation G is included on the following page of this release.

The Company believes that net realized gains or losses, net impairment losses recognized in earnings, equity in net income or loss of investment funds accounted for using the equity method, net foreign exchange gains or losses and UGC transaction costs and other in any particular period are not indicative of the performance of, or trends in, the Company’s business performance. Although net realized gains or losses, net impairment losses recognized in earnings, equity in net income or loss of investment funds accounted for using the equity method and net foreign exchange gains or losses are an integral part of the Company’s operations, the decision to realize investment gains or losses, the recognition of the change in the carrying value of investments accounted for using the fair value option in net realized gains or losses, the recognition of net impairment losses, the recognition of equity in net income or loss of investment funds accounted for using the equity method and the recognition of foreign exchange gains or losses are independent of the insurance underwriting process and result, in large part, from general economic and financial market conditions. Furthermore, certain users of the Company’s financial information believe that, for many companies, the timing of the realization of investment gains or losses is largely opportunistic. In addition, net impairment losses recognized in earnings on the Company’s investments represent other-than-temporary declines in expected recovery values on securities without actual realization. The use of the equity method on certain of the Company’s investments in certain funds that invest in fixed maturity securities is driven by the ownership structure of such funds (either limited partnerships or limited liability companies). In applying the equity method, these investments are initially recorded at cost and are subsequently adjusted based on the Company’s proportionate share of the net income or loss of the funds (which include changes in the fair value of the underlying securities in the funds). This method of accounting is different from the way the Company accounts for its other fixed maturity securities and the timing of the recognition of equity in net income or loss of investment funds accounted for using the equity method may differ from gains or losses in the future upon sale or maturity of such investments. UGC transaction costs and other include advisory, financing, legal, severance, incentive compensation and other transaction costs related to the UGC acquisition. During the 2016 fourth quarter, UGC transaction costs and other included non-recurring expenses related to a change in the Company’s approach on the deferral of certain internal underwriting costs which are no longer being deferred. The Company believes that UGC transaction costs and other, due to their non-recurring nature, are not indicative of the performance of, or trends in, the Company’s business performance. Due to these reasons, the Company excludes net realized gains or losses, net impairment losses recognized in earnings, equity in net income or loss of investment funds accounted for using the equity method, net foreign exchange gains or losses and UGC transaction costs and other from the calculation of after-tax operating income or loss available to Arch common shareholders.

The Company believes that showing net income available to Arch common shareholders exclusive of the items referred to above reflects the underlying fundamentals of the Company’s business since the Company evaluates the performance of and manages its business to produce an underwriting profit. In addition to presenting net income available to Arch common shareholders, the Company believes that this presentation enables investors and other users of the Company’s financial information to analyze the Company’s performance in a manner similar to how the Company’s management analyzes performance. The Company also believes that this measure follows industry practice and, therefore, allows the users of the Company’s financial information to compare the Company’s performance with its industry peer group. The Company believes that the equity analysts and certain rating agencies which follow the Company and the insurance industry as a whole generally exclude these items from their analyses for the same reasons.

The Company’s segment information includes the presentation of consolidated underwriting income or loss and a subtotal of underwriting income or loss before the contribution from the ‘other’ segment. Such measures represent the pre-tax profitability of its underwriting operations and include net premiums earned plus other underwriting income, less losses and loss adjustment expenses, acquisition expenses and other operating expenses. Other operating expenses include those operating expenses that are incremental and/or directly attributable to the Company’s individual underwriting operations. Underwriting income or loss does not incorporate items included in the Company’s corporate (non-underwriting) segment. While these measures are presented in the Segment Information footnote to the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements, they are considered non-GAAP financial measures when presented elsewhere on a consolidated basis. The reconciliations of underwriting income or loss to income before income taxes (the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure) on a consolidated basis and a subtotal before the contribution from the ‘other’ segment, in accordance with Regulation G, is shown on the following pages.

Management measures segment performance for its three underwriting segments based on underwriting income or loss. The Company does not manage its assets by underwriting segment and, accordingly, investment income and other non-underwriting related items are not allocated to each underwriting segment. As noted earlier, the ‘other’ segment includes the results of Watford Re. Watford Re has its own management and board of directors that is responsible for the overall profitability of the ‘other’ segment. For the ‘other’ segment, performance is measured based on net income or loss. The Company does not guarantee or provide credit support for Watford Re, and the Company’s financial exposure to Watford Re is limited to its investment in Watford Re’s common and preferred shares and counterparty credit risk (mitigated by collateral) arising from reinsurance transactions. Along with consolidated underwriting income, the Company provides a subtotal of underwriting income or loss before the contribution from the ‘other’ segment and believes that this presentation enables investors and other users of the Company’s financial information to analyze the Company’s underwriting performance in a manner similar to how the Company’s management analyzes performance.

In addition, the Company’s segment information includes the use of a combined ratio excluding catastrophic activity and prior year development for the insurance segment and reinsurance segment and a combined ratio excluding prior year development for the mortgage segment. These ratios are non-GAAP financial measures as defined in Regulation G. The reconciliation of such measures to the combined ratio (the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure) in accordance with Regulation G are shown on the individual segment pages. The Company’s management utilizes the adjusted combined ratio excluding current accident year catastrophic events and favorable or adverse development in prior year loss reserves in its analysis of the underwriting performance of each of its underwriting segments.

The following tables summarize the Company’s results by segment for the 2017 second quarter and 2016 second quarter and a reconciliation of underwriting income or loss to income before income taxes and net income available to Arch common shareholders:

     
(U.S. Dollars in thousands) Three Months Ended
June 30, 2017
Insurance   Reinsurance   Mortgage   Sub-total   Other   Total
Gross premiums written (1) $ 743,902 $ 453,186 $ 336,226 $ 1,533,142 $ 152,813 $ 1,609,659
Premiums ceded (247,446 ) (115,262 ) (62,314 ) (424,850 ) (12,410 ) (360,964 )
Net premiums written 496,456 337,924 273,912 1,108,292 140,403 1,248,695
Change in unearned premiums 21,118   (23,222 ) (16,068 ) (18,172 ) 10,351   (7,821 )
Net premiums earned 517,574 314,702 257,844 1,090,120 150,754 1,240,874
Other underwriting income (279 ) 4,277 3,998 824 4,822
Losses and loss adjustment expenses (350,939 ) (207,606 ) (20,694 ) (579,239 ) (110,621 ) (689,860 )
Acquisition expenses (78,872 ) (51,151 ) (25,666 ) (155,689 ) (34,747 ) (190,436 )
Other operating expenses (92,267 ) (36,711 ) (32,150 ) (161,128 ) (8,853 ) (169,981 )
Underwriting income (loss) $ (4,504 ) $ 18,955   $ 183,611   198,062 (2,643 ) 195,419
 
Net investment income 92,520 18,604 111,124
Net realized gains (losses) 18,046 3,689 21,735
Net impairment losses recognized in earnings (1,730 ) (1,730 )
Equity in net income (loss) of investment funds accounted for using the equity method 32,706 32,706
Other income (loss) (1,994 ) (1,994 )
Corporate expenses (22,201 ) (22,201 )
UGC transaction costs and other (2,675 ) (2,675 )
Amortization of intangible assets (30,824 ) (30,824 )
Interest expense (25,912 ) (2,837 ) (28,749 )
Net foreign exchange gains (losses) (37,821 ) (1,722 ) (39,543 )
Income before income taxes 218,177 15,091 233,268
Income tax expense (34,169 )   (34,169 )
Net income 184,008 15,091 199,099
Dividends attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests (4,586 ) (4,586 )
Amounts attributable to nonredeemable noncontrolling interests   (9,346 ) (9,346 )
Net income available to Arch 184,008 1,159 185,167
Preferred dividends (11,349 )   (11,349 )
Net income available to Arch common shareholders $ 172,659   $ 1,159   $ 173,818  
 
Underwriting Ratios
Loss ratio 67.8 % 66.0 % 8.0 % 53.1 % 73.4 % 55.6 %
Acquisition expense ratio 15.2 % 16.3 % 10.0 % 14.3 % 23.0 % 15.3 %
Other operating expense ratio 17.8 % 11.7 % 12.5 % 14.8 % 5.9 % 13.7 %
Combined ratio 100.8 % 94.0 % 30.5 % 82.2 % 102.3 % 84.6 %
 
Net premiums written to gross premiums written 66.7 % 74.6 % 81.5 % 72.3 % 91.9 % 77.6 %
 
(1)   Certain amounts included in the gross premiums written of each segment are related to intersegment transactions and are included in the gross premiums written of each segment. Accordingly, the sum of gross premiums written for each segment does not agree to the total gross premiums written as shown in the table above due to the elimination of intersegment transactions in the total.
 
     
(U.S. Dollars in thousands) Three Months Ended
June 30, 2016
Insurance   Reinsurance   Mortgage   Sub-total   Other   Total
Gross premiums written (1) $ 762,043 $ 412,053 $ 118,434 $ 1,292,199 $ 109,285 $ 1,329,936
Premiums ceded (246,875 ) (119,951 ) (6,969 ) (373,464 ) (4,457 ) (306,373 )
Net premiums written 515,168 292,102 111,465 918,735 104,828 1,023,563
Change in unearned premiums 12,482   (846 ) (44,953 ) (33,317 ) 15,739   (17,578 )
Net premiums earned 527,650 291,256 66,512 885,418 120,567 1,005,985
Other underwriting income 20,118 4,137 24,255 969 25,224
Losses and loss adjustment expenses (354,633 ) (146,091 ) (366 ) (501,090 ) (83,502 ) (584,592 )
Acquisition expenses (77,312 ) (55,756 ) (5,964 ) (139,032 ) (33,645 ) (172,677 )
Other operating expenses (91,440 ) (36,914 ) (22,847 ) (151,201 ) (6,113 ) (157,314 )
Underwriting income (loss) $ 4,265   $ 72,613   $ 41,472   118,350 (1,724 ) 116,626
 
Net investment income 70,397 17,941 88,338
Net realized gains (losses) 40,927 27,291 68,218
Net impairment losses recognized in earnings (5,343 ) (5,343 )
Equity in net income (loss) of investment funds accounted for using the equity method 8,737 8,737
Other income (loss) (7 ) (7 )
Corporate expenses (17,200 ) (17,200 )
Amortization of intangible assets (4,880 ) (4,880 )
Interest expense (12,432 ) (3,231 ) (15,663 )
Net foreign exchange gains (losses) 22,461   2,201   24,662  
Income before income taxes 221,010 42,478 263,488
Income tax expense (14,131 )   (14,131 )
Net income 206,879 42,478 249,357
Dividends attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests (4,586 ) (4,586 )
Amounts attributable to nonredeemable noncontrolling interests   (33,716 ) (33,716 )
Net income available to Arch 206,879 4,176 211,055
Preferred dividends (5,485 )   (5,485 )
Net income available to Arch common shareholders $ 201,394   $ 4,176   $ 205,570  
 
Underwriting Ratios
Loss ratio 67.2 % 50.2 % 0.6 % 56.6 % 69.3 % 58.1 %
Acquisition expense ratio 14.7 % 19.1 % 9.0 % 15.7 % 27.9 % 17.2 %
Other operating expense ratio 17.3 % 12.7 % 34.4 % 17.1 % 5.1 % 15.6 %
Combined ratio 99.2 % 82.0 % 44.0 % 89.4 % 102.3 % 90.9 %
 
Net premiums written to gross premiums written 67.6 % 70.9 % 94.1 % 71.1 % 95.9 % 77.0 %
 
(1)   Certain amounts included in the gross premiums written of each segment are related to intersegment transactions and are included in the gross premiums written of each segment. Accordingly, the sum of gross premiums written for each segment does not agree to the total gross premiums written as shown in the table above due to the elimination of intersegment transactions in the total.
 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (“PSLRA”) provides a “safe harbor” for forward-looking statements. This release or any other written or oral statements made by or on behalf of the Company may include forward-looking statements, which reflect the Company’s current views with respect to future events and financial performance. All statements other than statements of historical fact included in or incorporated by reference in this release are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements, for purposes of the PSLRA or otherwise, can generally be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “intend,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “believe” or “continue” and similar statements of a future or forward-looking nature or their negative or variations or similar terminology.

Forward-looking statements involve the Company’s current assessment of risks and uncertainties. Actual events and results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in these statements. Important factors that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those indicated in such statements are discussed below and elsewhere in this release and in the Company’s periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and include:

  • the Company’s ability to successfully implement its business strategy during “soft” as well as “hard” markets;
  • acceptance of the Company’s business strategy, security and financial condition by rating agencies and regulators, as well as by brokers and its insureds and reinsureds;
  • the integration of United Guaranty Corporation and any other businesses the Company has acquired or may acquire into its existing operations;
  • the Company’s ability to maintain or improve its ratings, which may be affected by its ability to raise additional equity or debt financings, by ratings agencies’ existing or new policies and practices, as well as other factors described herein;
  • general economic and market conditions (including inflation, interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, prevailing credit terms and the depth and duration of a recession) and conditions specific to the reinsurance and insurance markets (including the length and magnitude of the current “soft” market) in which the Company operates;
  • competition, including increased competition, on the basis of pricing, capacity (including alternative sources of capital), coverage terms or other factors;
  • developments in the world’s financial and capital markets and the Company’s access to such markets;
  • the Company’s ability to successfully enhance, integrate and maintain operating procedures (including information technology) to effectively support its current and new business;
  • the loss of key personnel;
  • accuracy of those estimates and judgments utilized in the preparation of the Company’s financial statements, including those related to revenue recognition, insurance and other reserves, reinsurance recoverables, investment valuations, intangible assets, bad debts, income taxes, contingencies and litigation, and any determination to use the deposit method of accounting, which for a relatively new insurance and reinsurance company, like the Company, are even more difficult to make than those made in a mature company since relatively limited historical information has been reported to the Company through June 30, 2017;
  • greater than expected loss ratios on business written by the Company and adverse development on claim and/or claim expense liabilities related to business written by its insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries;
  • severity and/or frequency of losses;
  • claims for natural or man-made catastrophic events in the Company’s insurance or reinsurance business could cause large losses and substantial volatility in its results of operations;
  • acts of terrorism, political unrest and other hostilities or other unforecasted and unpredictable events;
  • availability to the Company of reinsurance to manage its gross and net exposures and the cost of such reinsurance;
  • the failure of reinsurers, managing general agents, third party administrators or others to meet their obligations to the Company;
  • the timing of loss payments being faster or the receipt of reinsurance recoverables being slower than anticipated by the Company;
  • the Company’s investment performance, including legislative or regulatory developments that may adversely affect the fair value of the Company’s investments;
  • changes in general economic conditions, including new or continued sovereign debt concerns in Eurozone countries or downgrades of U.S. securities by credit rating agencies, which could affect the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations;
  • the volatility of the Company’s shareholders’ equity from foreign currency fluctuations, which could increase due to us not matching portions of the Company’s projected liabilities in foreign currencies with investments in the same currencies;
  • losses relating to aviation business and business produced by a certain managing underwriting agency for which the Company may be liable to the purchaser of its prior reinsurance business or to others in connection with the May 5, 2000 asset sale described in the Company’s periodic reports filed with the SEC;
  • changes in accounting principles or policies or in the Company’s application of such accounting principles or policies;
  • changes in the political environment of certain countries in which the Company operates, underwrites business or invests;
  • statutory or regulatory developments, including as to tax policy matters and insurance and other regulatory matters such as the adoption of proposed legislation that would affect Bermuda-headquartered companies and/or Bermuda-based insurers or reinsurers and/or changes in regulations or tax laws applicable to the Company, its subsidiaries, brokers or customers; and
  • the other matters set forth under Item 1A “Risk Factors”, Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and other sections of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as the other factors set forth in the Company’s other documents on file with the SEC, and management’s response to any of the aforementioned factors.

All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to the Company or persons acting on its behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements. The foregoing review of important factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with other cautionary statements that are included herein or elsewhere. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Contacts

Arch Capital Group Ltd.
Mark D. Lyons, 441-278-9250
Fax: 441-278-9255
Executive Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer

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