Acacia Research Reports Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results

NEWPORT BEACH, Calif.--()--Acacia Research Corporation(1) (Nasdaq: ACTG) today reported results for the three months and year ended December 31, 2016.

Fourth Quarter 2016 Results

  • Revenues were $21,969,000, as compared to $37,497,000 in the comparable prior year quarter.
  • GAAP net loss was $10,611,000, or $0.21 per diluted share, as compared to a GAAP net loss of $115,910,000, or $2.33 per diluted share for the comparable prior year quarter.
  • GAAP net loss for the fourth quarter of 2016 and 2015 includes noncash patent related impairment charges totaling $2,175,000 and $74,731,000, respectively, and the fourth quarter of 2015 includes a noncash goodwill impairment charge of $30,149,000.
  • Non-GAAP net income was $1,094,000, or $0.02 per diluted share, as compared to non-GAAP net income of $4,543,000, or $0.09 per diluted share for the comparable prior year quarter. See below for information regarding non-GAAP measures.
  • Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term investments totaled $158,495,000 as of December 31, 2016.

Fiscal Year 2016 Results

  • Revenues were $152,699,000, as compared to revenues of $125,037,000 in the comparable prior year.
  • GAAP net loss was $54,067,000, or $1.08 per diluted share, as compared to a GAAP net loss of $160,036,000, or $3.25 per diluted share for the comparable prior year.
  • GAAP net loss for fiscal year 2016 and 2015 includes noncash patent related impairment charges totaling $42,340,000 and $74,731,000, respectively, and fiscal 2015 includes a noncash goodwill impairment charge of $30,149,000.
  • Non-GAAP net income was $31,543,000, or $0.62 per diluted share, as compared to non-GAAP net income of $8,959,000, or $0.18 per diluted share for the comparable prior year. See below for information regarding non-GAAP measures.
  • During fiscal year 2016 we acquired control of 2 new patent portfolios.

Investment in Veritone, Inc. In August 2016, Acacia Research Corporation formed a strategic partnership with Veritone, Inc. Veritone is a leading cloud-based Artificial Intelligence (“AI”) technology company that is pioneering next generation search and analytics through their proprietary Cognitive Media Platform™ (CMP). Under the partnership, Acacia will leverage its expertise to help Veritone build its patent portfolio and execute upon its overall intellectual property strategy. In order to enhance Veritone’s leadership position in the field of machine learning and AI, Acacia has provided $20 million in funding to Veritone in the form of two $10 million loans convertible into equity. Additionally, upon certain events and the achievement of milestones by Veritone, Acacia will have the opportunity to invest up to an additional $30 million in Veritone, for a total of up to $50 million.

Consolidated Financial Results - Overview

Financial results and operating activities during the periods presented included the following:

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 
Revenues (in thousands) $ 21,969 $ 37,497 $ 152,699 $ 125,037
GAAP net loss (in thousands) $ (10,611 ) $ (115,910 ) $ (54,067 ) $ (160,036 )
Non-GAAP net income (in thousands) $ 1,094 $ 4,543 $ 31,543 $ 8,959
GAAP diluted loss per share $ (0.21 ) $ (2.33 ) $ (1.08 ) $ (3.25 )
Non-GAAP net earnings per common share - diluted $ 0.02 $ 0.09 $ 0.62 $ 0.18
New agreements executed 9 12 39 63
Licensing and enforcement programs generating revenues 11 14 28 30
 

Summary Consolidated Financial Results
For the Three Months and Fiscal Years Ended December 31, 2016 and 2015

Revenues:

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 
Revenues (in thousands) $ 21,969 $ 37,497 $ 152,699 $ 125,037
 

Fourth Quarter 2016 compared to Fourth Quarter 2015. Revenues in the fourth quarter of 2016 decreased $15,528,000, or 41%, to $21,969,000, as compared to $37,497,000 in the comparable prior year quarter. In the fourth quarter of 2016, three licensees individually accounted for 48%, 19% and 18% of revenues recognized, as compared to two licensees individually accounting for 64% and 19% of revenues recognized during the fourth quarter of 2015.

Fiscal Year 2016 compared to Fiscal Year 2015. Fiscal year 2016 revenues increased $27,662,000, or 22%, to $152,699,000, compared to $125,037,000 in fiscal year 2015. In fiscal year 2016, three licensees individually accounted for 26%, 23% and 11% of revenues recognized, as compared to three licensees each individually accounting for 24%, 20% and 16% of revenues recognized in fiscal year 2015.

Cost of Revenues (in thousands):

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 
Inventor royalties $ 3,313 $ 7,756 $ 22,730 $ 18,462
Contingent legal fees 4,238   3,901   26,474   16,169
Total inventor royalties and contingent legal fees $ 7,551   $ 11,657   $ 49,204   $ 34,631
 

Fourth quarter 2016 revenues, less inventor royalties expense and contingent legal fees expense totaled $14,418,000, or 66% of related quarterly revenues, as compared to $25,840,000, or 69% of quarterly revenues, in the comparable prior year quarter.

Fiscal year 2016 revenues, less inventor royalties expense and contingent legal fees expense totaled $103,495,000, or 68% of related fiscal year 2016 revenues, as compared to $90,406,000, or 72% of related fiscal year 2015 revenues.

Inventor royalties and contingent legal fees expenses fluctuate period to period, based on the amount of revenues recognized each period and the economic terms of the patent portfolio partnering arrangements and contingent legal fee arrangements, if any, associated with the specific patent portfolios generating revenues each period.

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 
Litigation and licensing expenses - patents $ 5,463 $ 11,341 $ 27,858 $ 39,373
 

Fourth quarter and fiscal year 2016 litigation and licensing expenses-patents decreased 52% and 29%, respectively, due primarily to a net decrease in litigation support costs associated with patent trials and a decrease in patent prosecution and litigation expenses associated with ongoing licensing and enforcement programs. We expect litigation and licensing expenses to continue to fluctuate period to period in connection with our current and future patent partnering, prosecution, licensing and enforcement activities.

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 
Amortization of patents $ 6,222 $ 13,113 $ 34,208 $ 53,067
 

Fourth quarter and fiscal year 2016 non-cash patent amortization charges decreased 53% and 36%, reflecting a decrease in scheduled amortization on existing patent portfolios due primarily to various patent portfolio impairment charges previously recorded in the fourth quarter of 2015 and the second quarter of 2016.

General and Administrative Expenses (in thousands):

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 

General and administrative expenses

$ 5,748 $ 6,112 $ 23,857 $ 27,128

Non-cash stock compensation expense - G&A

3,308   2,460   9,062   11,048

Total general and administrative expenses

$ 9,056   $ 8,572   $ 32,919   $ 38,176
 

General and administrative expenses, excluding non-cash stock compensation expense, decreased $364,000 or 6% for the quarterly periods presented, and $3,271,000 or 12% for the fiscal periods presented. The decrease for the periods presented was due primarily to a decrease in personnel costs resulting from net staff reductions occurring during 2016 and 2015 and a decrease in non-recurring employee severance costs. The decrease was partially offset by an overall increase in variable performance-based compensation costs and an increase in corporate administrative costs (fiscal year 2016 only).

Non-cash stock compensation expense increased in the fourth quarter of 2016 due primarily to the grant of options with market-based performance conditions with graded vesting features resulting in higher non-cash stock compensation expense during the earlier stages of the applicable service period. Fiscal year 2016 non-cash stock compensation expense decreased due primarily to a decrease in the average grant date fair value for the shares expensed in the respective periods.

Impairment of Patent-Related Intangible Assets (in thousands):

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 
Impairment of patent-related intangible assets $ 2,175 $ 74,731 $ 42,340 $ 74,731
 

Patent impairment charges decreased for the fourth quarter and fiscal 2016. The impairment charges for the periods presented reflect the impact of reductions in expected estimated future net cash flows for certain portfolios and certain patent portfolios that management determined it would no longer allocate resources to in future periods. The impairment charges consisted of the excess of the asset’s carrying value over its estimated fair value as of the applicable measurement date.

Impairment of Goodwill (in thousands):

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 
Impairment of goodwill $ $ 30,149 $ $ 30,149
 

In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015, in conjunction with our annual goodwill impairment testing, we performed a qualitative and quantitative impairment analysis of goodwill. Based upon the difference between the implied fair value of goodwill and the historical carrying value of goodwill, due primarily to the sustained decline in the Company's stock price and adverse litigation outcomes in the fourth quarter of 2015, we recognized a goodwill impairment charge totaling $30,149,000 in the fourth quarter of 2015.

Other Operating Expenses:

Fiscal year 2016 and 2015 operating expenses included expenses for court ordered attorney fees and settlement and contingency accruals totaling $500,000 and $4,141,000, respectively.

Income Taxes:

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 
Provision for income taxes (in thousands) $ (2,414 ) $ (4,174 ) $ (18,188 ) $ (4,800 )
Effective tax rate 29 % 4 % 50 % 3 %
 

Tax expense for the periods presented reflects foreign taxes withheld on revenue agreements with licensees in foreign jurisdictions and other state taxes, and the impact of full valuation allowances recorded for foreign tax credit related tax assets generated during 2016 and 2015 and for net operating loss related tax assets generated in 2015. As such, no tax benefit was recognized for net operating loss and foreign tax credit related tax benefits generated during the applicable periods presented.

Financial Condition (in thousands)
Summary Balance Sheet Information:

    December 31, 2016     December 31, 2015
 
Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and investments $ 158,495 $ 145,948
Accounts receivable 26,750 33,500
Total assets 296,003 347,901
Accounts payable and accrued expenses 14,283 17,347
Accrued patent portfolio investment costs 1,000
Royalties and contingent legal fees payable 13,908 14,878
Total liabilities 28,560 33,746
 

Summary Cash Flow Information:

   

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 
Net cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities $ 10,842 $ (12,104 ) $ 34,061 $ (9,949 )
Investing activities 655 (40,630 ) 39,307
Financing activities 27 (10,448 ) (1,114 ) (28,601 )
 

Patent Portfolio Investment Costs. Patent related upfront advances and scheduled milestone payments paid in fiscal year 2016 totaled $1,225,000, as compared to $19,504,000 ($16,700,000 accrued as of December 31, 2015) during the comparable prior year.

Quarterly Dividends Paid. Cash outflows from financing activities included cash dividends to shareholders totaling $25,434,000 for fiscal year 2015. The quarterly dividend was eliminated effective February 23, 2016.

Refer to the section below entitled “Summary Financial Information” for additional summary consolidated balance sheet, statements of operations and cash flow information as of and for the applicable periods presented.

INFORMATION ABOUT NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

As used herein, “GAAP” refers to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. To supplement our consolidated financial statements prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, this earnings release includes financial measures, including (1) non-GAAP net income and (2) non-GAAP Earnings Per Share (“EPS”), that are considered non-GAAP financial measures as defined in Rule 101 of Regulation G promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company’s historical or future performance, financial position, or cash flows that either excludes or includes amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. The presentation of this non-GAAP financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP.

We use these non-GAAP, or pro forma, financial measures for internal financial and operational decision making purposes and as a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons of the performance and results of operations of our core business. Our management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding the performance of our core business by excluding non-cash stock compensation charges, non-cash patent amortization charges, intangible asset impairment charges, excess benefit related non-cash tax expense and certain non-cash tax benefits, that may not be indicative of our recurring core business operating results. These non-GAAP financial measures also facilitate management’s internal planning and comparisons to our historical performance and liquidity. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors as they allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in its financial and operational decision making and are used by our institutional investors and the analyst community to help them analyze the performance and operational results of our core business.

Non-GAAP Net income and EPS. We define non-GAAP net income as net income calculated in accordance with GAAP, plus non-cash stock compensation charges, non-cash patent amortization charges, intangible asset impairment charges, and excess benefit related non-cash tax expense, less certain non-cash tax benefits included in tax expense. Non-GAAP EPS is defined as non-GAAP net income divided by the weighted average outstanding shares, on a fully-diluted basis, calculated in accordance with GAAP, for the respective reporting period.

Due to the inherent volatility in stock prices, the use of estimates and assumptions in connection with the valuation and expensing of share-based awards and the variety of award types that companies can issue under FASB ASC Topic 718, management believes that providing a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes non-cash stock compensation allows investors to make meaningful comparisons between our recurring core business operating results and those of other companies period to period, as well as providing our management with a critical tool for financial and operational decision making and for evaluating our own period-to-period recurring core business operating results. Similarly, due to the variability associated with the timing and amount of patent portfolio investment payments and intangible asset impairment charges, and estimates inherent in the capitalization and amortization or patent costs, management believes that providing a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes non-cash patent amortization and intangible asset impairment charges, allows investors to make meaningful comparisons between our recurring core business operating results and those of other companies, and also provides our management with a useful tool for financial and operational decision making and for evaluating our own period-to-period recurring core business operating results. Management also believes that providing a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes the impact of excess benefit related non-cash tax expense and certain non-cash tax benefits included in tax expense allows investors to assess our net results and the economic impact of income taxes based largely on cash tax obligations, make more meaningful comparisons between our recurring core business net results and those of other companies period to period, and also provides our management with a useful tool for financial and operational decision making and for evaluating our own period-to-period recurring core business net results.

There are a number of limitations related to the use of non-GAAP net income and EPS versus net income and EPS calculated in accordance with GAAP. For example, non-GAAP net income excludes the impact of significant non-cash stock compensation charges, non-cash patent amortization charges, intangible asset impairment charges, excess benefit related non-cash tax expense and certain non-cash tax benefits included in tax expense that are or may be recurring, and that may or will continue to be recurring for the foreseeable future. In addition, non-cash stock compensation is a critical component of our employee compensation programs and non-cash patent amortization and intangible asset impairment charges reflect the cost of certain patent portfolio investments, amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated economic useful life of the respective patent portfolio or written-off, and may reflect the acceleration of amortization related to recoupable up-front patent portfolio costs. Management compensates for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from non-GAAP net income and EPS and evaluating non-GAAP net income and EPS in conjunction with net income and EPS calculated in accordance with GAAP.

The accompanying table below provides a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures presented to the most directly comparable financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP.

_____________________________________________

A conference call is scheduled for today. The Acacia Research presentation will start at 1:30 p.m. Pacific Time (4:30 p.m. Eastern).

To listen to the presentation by phone, dial (888) 401-4669 for callers in the U.S. and Canada and (719) 325-2469 for international callers, both of whom will need to enter the conference ID 9518514 when prompted.

There will be a live webcast hosted by NASDAQ that will be available for 30 days and may be accessed at Acacia’s website at www.acaciaresearch.com.

Please contact Rob Stewart, SVP Investor Relations, for questions about this earnings release or other inquiries regarding Acacia Research Corporation. For additional details regarding the information contained herein, please refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, anticipated to be filed with the SEC on or about March 9, 2017.

ABOUT ACACIA RESEARCH CORPORATION

Founded in 1993, Acacia Research Corporation (NASDAQ: ACTG) is the industry leader in patent licensing. An intermediary in the patent marketplace, Acacia partners with inventors and patent owners to unlock the financial value in their patented inventions. Acacia bridges the gap between invention and application, facilitating efficiency and delivering monetary rewards to the patent owner.

Information about Acacia Research Corporation and its subsidiaries is available at www.acaciaresearch.com.

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995

This news release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based upon our current expectations and speak only as of the date hereof. Our actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements as a result of various factors and uncertainties, including our ability to successfully develop licensing programs and attract new business, rapid technological change in relevant markets, changes in demand for current and future intellectual property rights, legislative, regulatory and competitive developments relating to the licensing and enforcement of patent rights and/or intellectual property rights in general and general economic conditions. Our Annual Report on Form 10-K, recent and forthcoming Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, recent and forthcoming Current Reports on Form 8-K, and other SEC filings discuss some of the important risks that may affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. We undertake no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason.

The results achieved in the most recent quarter are not necessarily indicative of the results to be achieved by us in any subsequent quarters, as it is currently anticipated that Acacia Research Corporation’s financial results will vary, and may vary significantly, from quarter to quarter. This variance is expected to result from a number of factors, including risks affecting our results of operations and financial condition referenced above, and the particular structure of our licensing transactions, which may impact the amount of inventor royalties and contingent legal fees expenses we incur period to period.

 
ACACIA RESEARCH CORPORATION
SUMMARY FINANCIAL INFORMATION
(In thousands, except share and per share information)
(Unaudited)
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
       

Three Months Ended
December 31,

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 
Revenues $ 21,969   $ 37,497   $ 152,699   $ 125,037  
Operating costs and expenses:
Cost of revenues:
Inventor royalties 3,313 7,756 22,730 18,462
Contingent legal fees 4,238 3,901 26,474 16,169
Litigation and licensing expenses - patents 5,463 11,341 27,858 39,373
Amortization of patents 6,222 13,113 34,208 53,067

General and administrative expenses (including non-cash stock compensation expense of $3,308 and $9,062 for the three months and year ended December 31, 2016, respectively, and $2,460 and $11,048 for the three months and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively)

9,056 8,572 32,919 38,176
Research, consulting and other expenses - business development 557 860 3,079 3,391
Impairment of patent-related intangible assets 2,175 74,731 42,340 74,731
Impairment of goodwill 30,149 30,149
Other   250   500   4,141  
Total operating costs and expenses 31,024   150,673   190,108   277,659  
Operating loss (9,055 ) (113,176 ) (37,409 ) (152,622 )
 
Total other income (expense) 592     798   (56 )
Loss from operations before provision for income taxes (8,463 ) (113,176 ) (36,611 ) (152,678 )
Provision for income taxes (2,414 ) (4,174 ) (18,188 ) (4,800 )
Net loss including noncontrolling interests in operating subsidiaries (10,877 ) (117,350 ) (54,799 ) (157,478 )
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests in operating subsidiaries 266   1,440   732   (2,558 )
Net loss attributable to Acacia Research Corporation $ (10,611 ) $ (115,910 ) $ (54,067 ) $ (160,036 )
 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders - basic and diluted $ (10,611 ) $ (116,039 ) $ (54,067 ) $ (160,730 )
 
Basic and diluted loss per common share $ (0.21 ) $ (2.33 ) $ (1.08 ) $ (3.25 )
 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding, basic and diluted 50,237,784   49,749,941   50,075,847   49,505,817  
 
 
Reconciliation of GAAP Net Loss and EPS to Non-GAAP Net Income and EPS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
       

Three Months Ended
December 31,

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
 
GAAP net loss $ (10,611 ) $ (115,910 ) $ (54,067 ) $ (160,036 )
 
Add back:
Stock compensation expense 3,308 2,460 9,062 11,048
Patent amortization expense 6,222 13,113 34,208 53,067
Impairment of patent-related intangible assets 2,175 74,731 42,340 74,731
Impairment of goodwill   30,149     30,149  
 
Pro forma non-GAAP net income $ 1,094   $ 4,543   $ 31,543   $ 8,959  
 
Pro forma non-GAAP net income attributable to common stockholders - diluted $ 1,089   $ 4,449   $ 31,303   $ 8,682  
 
Pro forma non-GAAP net earnings per common share — diluted $ 0.02   $ 0.09   $ 0.62   $ 0.18  
GAAP weighted-average shares — diluted 50,938,633   49,776,233   50,317,372   49,543,742  
 
 
ACACIA RESEARCH CORPORATION
SUMMARY FINANCIAL INFORMATION, (CONTINUED)
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
       

December 31,
2016

December 31,
2015
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 127,540 $ 135,223
Restricted cash 11,512 10,725
Short-term investments 19,443
Accounts receivable 26,750 33,500
Deferred income tax 210
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 3,245   4,219
Total current assets 188,490 183,877
 
Loan receivable and accrued interest 18,616
Investment in warrants 1,960
Property and equipment, net 127 272
Patents, net of accumulated amortization 86,319 162,642
Other assets 491   1,110
$ 296,003   $ 347,901
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued expenses $ 14,283 $ 17,347
Accrued patent investment costs 1,000
Royalties and contingent legal fees payable 13,908   14,878
Total current liabilities 28,191 33,225
 
Deferred income taxes 210
Other liabilities 369   311
Total liabilities 28,560 33,746
Total stockholders’ equity 267,443   314,155
$ 296,003   $ 347,901
 
 
ACACIA RESEARCH CORPORATION
SUMMARY FINANCIAL INFORMATION, (CONTINUED)
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
       

Three Months Ended
December 31,

Year Ended
December 31,

2016     2015 2016     2015
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss including noncontrolling interests in operating subsidiaries $ (10,877 ) $ (117,350 ) $ (54,799 ) $ (157,478 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss including noncontrolling interests in operating subsidiaries to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 6,250 13,160 34,355 53,289
Non-cash stock compensation 3,308 2,460 9,062 11,048
Impairment of patent-related intangible assets 2,175 74,731 42,340 74,731
Impairment of goodwill 30,149 30,149
Other (396 ) 18 (477 ) (109 )
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Restricted cash 2,529 (4 ) (787 ) (10,725 )
Accounts receivable 26,950 (20,743 ) 6,750 (13,332 )
Prepaid expenses and other assets 402 (50 ) 1,593 (619 )
Accounts payable and accrued expenses / patent costs (8,398 ) (110 ) (3,006 ) 2,570
Royalties and contingent legal fees payable (11,101 ) 5,635   (970 ) 527  
 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 10,842   (12,104 ) 34,061   (9,949 )
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Investments in patents / patent rights (225 ) (1,225 ) (19,504 )
Advances to Investee (10,000 ) (20,000 )
Purchases of property and equipment (4 ) (8 )
Purchase of available-for-sale investments (62,633 ) (23,296 )
Maturities and sales of available-for-sale investments 10,880     43,232   82,115  
 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities 655     (40,630 ) 39,307  
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Repurchases of common stock (57 ) (82 )
Dividends paid to shareholders (6,343 ) (25,434 )
Distributions to noncontrolling interests in operating subsidiary (4,105 ) (1,358 ) (4,105 )
Proceeds from exercises of stock options 84     326   938  
 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 27   (10,448 ) (1,114 ) (28,601 )
 
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 11,524 (22,552 ) (7,683 ) 757
 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning 116,016   157,775   135,223   134,466  
 
Cash and cash equivalents, ending $ 127,540   $ 135,223   $ 127,540   $ 135,223  
 

Business Highlights and Recent Developments(2)

Business highlights of the fourth quarter of 2016 and recent developments include the following:

Revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2016 included fees from the following technology licensing and enforcement programs:

Bone Wedge technology       Online Auction Guarantee technology
Broadband Communications technology Optical Networking technology
Diamond and Gemstone Grading technology Speech codes used in wireless and wireline systems technology
Gas Modulation Control Systems technology Super Resolutions Microscopy technology
High Speed Circuit Interconnect and Display Control technology Wireless Infrastructure and User Equipment technology
Microprocessor and Memory technology
 
  • Cellular Communications Equipment LLC signed a patent license agreement with Ericsson Inc. and Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson. The agreement resolved litigation that was pending in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas.
  • Cellular Communications Equipment LLC signed a patent license agreement with Alcatel-Lucent USA, Inc. The agreement resolved litigation that was pending in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas.
  • Diamond Grading Technologies LLC signed a settlement and patent license agreement with Gemological Institute of America, Inc. The agreement resolved litigation that was pending in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas.
  • Saint Lawrence Communications LLC and Saint Lawrence Communications GmbH entered into patent license agreements with HTC Corporation.

_______________________

(1)   As used herein, “Acacia Research Corporation,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Acacia Research Corporation and/or its wholly and majority-owned operating subsidiaries. All intellectual property investment, development, licensing and enforcement activities are conducted solely by certain of Acacia Research Corporation’s wholly and majority-owned operating subsidiaries.
 
(2) Cellular Communications Equipment LLC, Diamond Grading Technologies LLC, Saint Lawrence Communications LLC and Saint Lawrence Communications GmbH are wholly and majority-owned operating subsidiaries of Acacia Research Corporation.

Contacts

Acacia Research Corporation
Rob Stewart, +1 949-480-8311
rs@acaciares.com

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