Glu Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results

  • Q4 non-GAAP revenues of $76.2 million, up 78% year-over-year and significantly exceeding guidance
  • Record Q4 GAAP revenues of $72.9 million
  • Q4 Adjusted EBITDA of $14.1 million; record Adjusted EBITDA margin of 18.5% – both significantly exceeding guidance
  • Record Q4 cash flow from operations of $19.3 million
  • 2014 full year non-GAAP revenue represents a four-year compounded annual growth rate of 37.9% since 2010
  • Full year 2015 non-GAAP revenue guidance raised significantly
  • Signed a five-year, exclusive mobile gaming partnership with world-renowned singer and songwriter Katy Perry

SAN FRANCISCO--()--Glu Mobile Inc. (NASDAQ:GLUU), a leading global developer and publisher of free-to-play games for smartphone and tablet devices, today announced financial results for its fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2014.

“We are very pleased with our strong execution during the fourth quarter, particularly our ability to achieve record Adjusted EBITDA margins and operating cash flows”

“The fourth quarter marked a fantastic finish to a record year for Glu, highlighted by all key metrics coming in above guidance,” stated Niccolo de Masi, Chief Executive Officer of Glu. “The strength during the quarter was led by the ongoing traction of Kim Kardashian: Hollywood, Racing Rivals and Deer Hunter 2014, as well as the solid performance of recently released Contract Killer: Sniper.”

Mr. de Masi continued, “2014 full year results take our trailing four-year non-GAAP revenue compound annual growth rate to 37.9%. Today we are also raising our full year 2015 guidance to record levels for Glu. I am also delighted to announce a five-year exclusive mobile gaming partnership with Katy Perry, arguably the most recognized musician in America following her recent Super Bowl halftime performance. Glu is focused on building the premier Hollywood gaming platform and improving the annuity characteristics of our franchises. We look forward to our growth in 2015 and beyond with confidence.”

Fourth Quarter 2014 Financial Highlights:

  • Revenue: Total GAAP revenue was $72.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to $34.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. Total non-GAAP revenue was $76.2 million in the fourth quarter of 2014, an increase of 78% compared to $42.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. Non-GAAP revenue excludes changes in deferred revenue.
  • Gross Margin: GAAP gross margin was 56% in the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to 69% in the fourth quarter of 2013. Non-GAAP gross margin was 61% in the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to 73% in the fourth quarter of 2013. Non-GAAP gross margin excludes changes in deferred revenue, change in deferred cost of revenues, amortization of intangible assets and non-cash warrant expense.
  • GAAP Operating Income (Loss): GAAP operating income was $5.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to a loss of $(3.5) million in the fourth quarter of 2013.
  • Non-GAAP Operating Income: Non-GAAP operating income was $13.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to $5.5 million during the fourth quarter of 2013. Non-GAAP operating income excludes changes in deferred revenues and deferred cost of revenues, amortization of intangible assets, non-cash warrant expense, stock-based compensation expense, restructuring charges, change in fair value of the Blammo earnout, and transitional costs.
  • Adjusted EBITDA: Adjusted EBITDA was $14.1 million for the fourth quarter of 2014, an increase of 127% compared to $6.2 million during the fourth quarter of 2013. Adjusted EBITDA margin was 18.5% for the fourth quarter of 2014 compared with 14.5% for the fourth quarter of 2013. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as non-GAAP operating income/(loss) less depreciation. Adjusted EBITDA margin is defined as Adjusted EBITDA divided by non-GAAP revenue.
  • GAAP Net Income (Loss) and EPS: GAAP net income was $1.4 million for the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to a GAAP net loss of $(3.5) million for the fourth quarter of 2013. GAAP EPS was $0.01 for the fourth quarter of 2014, based on 107.0 million weighted-average diluted shares outstanding, compared to a GAAP EPS loss of $(0.05) for the fourth quarter of 2013, based on 78.1 million weighted-average basic shares outstanding.
  • Non-GAAP Net Income and EPS: Non-GAAP net income was $12.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to $5.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2013. Non-GAAP EPS was $0.11 for the fourth quarter of 2014 based on 107.0 million weighted-average diluted shares outstanding, compared to non-GAAP EPS of $0.07 for the fourth quarter of 2013 based on 81.4 million weighted-average diluted shares outstanding.
  • Cash Flows Generated from Operations: Cash flows generated from operations were $19.3 million for the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to $1.9 million generated for the fourth quarter of 2013.

A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP results has been provided in the financial statement tables included in this press release. An explanation of these measures is also included below under the heading “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

Recent Developments and Strategic Initiatives:

  • In February 2015, we announced a five-year, exclusive mobile gaming partnership with Katy Perry. We will create a free-to-play mobile game using her likeness and voice that we expect to release in the second half of 2015.
  • In November 2014, we announced the availability of Contract Killer: Sniper.
  • In October 2014, we announced the launch of the first free-to-play Diner Dash game.

“We are very pleased with our strong execution during the fourth quarter, particularly our ability to achieve record Adjusted EBITDA margins and operating cash flows,” stated Eric R. Ludwig, Glu’s EVP, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer. “The increase in our full year 2015 guidance reflects the momentum of current catalog titles, as well as our confidence in the upcoming pipeline, which includes a number of sequels to successful franchises. Glu’s strong balance sheet and global scale positions the company for sustained growth and profitability in 2015 and beyond.”

Fiscal 2014 Financial Highlights:

  • Revenues: Total GAAP revenues were $223.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to $105.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. Total non-GAAP revenues were $241.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2014, an increase of 113% compared to $113.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2013.
  • Gross Margin: GAAP gross margin was 62% for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to 65% for the year ended December 31, 2013. Non-GAAP gross margin was 63% for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to 70% for the year ended December 31, 2013.
  • GAAP Operating Income (Loss): GAAP operating income was $2.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to a $(22.8) million loss for the year ended December 31, 2013.
  • Non-GAAP Operating Income (Loss): Non-GAAP operating income was $32.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to a loss of $(5.0) million for the year ended December 31, 2013.
  • Adjusted EBITDA: Adjusted EBITDA was $35.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to a $(2.3) million loss for the year ended December 31, 2013. Adjusted EBITDA margin was 14.5% for the full year of 2014.
  • GAAP Net Income (Loss) and EPS: GAAP net income was $8.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to a loss of $(19.9) million for the year ended December 31, 2013. GAAP EPS was $0.08 for the year ended December 31, 2014, based on 96.9 million weighted-average diluted shares outstanding, compared to a loss of $(0.28) for the year ended December 31, 2013, based on 71.5 million weighted-average basic shares outstanding.
  • Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss) and EPS: Non-GAAP net income was $33.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to a loss of $(5.3) million for the year ended December 31, 2013. Non-GAAP EPS was $0.34 for the year ended December 31, 2014 based on 96.9 million weighted-average diluted shares outstanding, compared to a loss of $(0.07) for the year ended December 31, 2013 based on 71.5 million weighted-average basic shares outstanding.
  • Cash Flows Generated from (Used in) Operations: Cash flows generated from operations were $30.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to cash flows used in operations of $(9.6) million for the year ended December 31, 2013.

A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP results has been provided in the financial statement tables included in this press release. An explanation of these measures is also included below under the heading “Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

Business Outlook as of February 4, 2015:

The following forward-looking statements reflect expectations as of February 4, 2015. Results may be materially different and are affected by many factors, such as: consumer demand for mobile entertainment and specifically Glu’s products; consumer demand for smartphones, tablets and next-generation platforms; our ability to improve the monetization of our titles and continue to successfully launch and update new games; development delays on Glu's products; continued uncertainty in the global economic environment; competition in the industry; storefront featuring; changes in foreign exchange rates; Glu's effective tax rate and other factors detailed in this release and in Glu's SEC filings.

First Quarter Expectations – Quarter Ending March 31, 2015:

  • Non-GAAP revenues are expected to be between $50.0 million and $52.0 million.
  • Non-GAAP gross margin is expected to be approximately 60%.
  • Non-GAAP operating expenses are expected to be between $33.1 million and $32.3 million.
  • Adjusted EBITDA, defined as non-GAAP operating income (loss) excluding depreciation of approximately $0.9 million, is expected to range from breakeven to a loss of $(2.0) million.
  • Income tax is expected to be an expense of approximately $0.2 million.
  • Non-GAAP net loss is expected to be between $(1.0) million and $(3.0) million or between $(0.01) and $(0.03) per weighted-average basic share outstanding, which excludes approximately $2.1 million of anticipated stock-based compensation expense, $2.6 million for amortization of intangibles and $0.1 million of transitional costs related to the Cie Games integration.
  • Weighted-average common shares outstanding are expected to be approximately 103.8 million basic and 108.0 million diluted.

2015 Expectations – Full Year Ending December 31, 2015:

  • Non-GAAP revenues are expected to be between $245.0 million and $275.0 million.
  • Non-GAAP gross margin is expected to be approximately 61%.
  • Adjusted EBITDA is expected to range from $30.0 million to $35.0 million.
  • Non-GAAP net income is expected to be between $26.0 million and $31.0 million or between $0.23 and $0.28 per weighted-average diluted share outstanding, which excludes approximately $11.3 million of anticipated stock-based compensation expense, $9.7 million for amortization of intangibles, and $0.1 million of transitional costs related to the Cie Games integration.
  • Weighted-average common shares outstanding are expected to be approximately 104.8 million basic and 111.0 million diluted.
  • We expect to have cash and short-term investments at December 31, 2015 of at least $85.0 million with no debt.

Quarterly Conference Call

Glu will discuss its quarterly results via teleconference today at 1:30 p.m. Pacific Time (4:30 p.m. Eastern Time). Please dial (866) 582-8907, or if outside the U.S., (760) 298-5046, with conference ID # 62294869 to access the conference call at least five minutes prior to the 1:30 p.m. Pacific Time start time. A live webcast and replay of the call will also be available on the investor relations portion of the company's website at www.glu.com/investors. An audio replay will be available between 4:30 p.m. Pacific Time, February 4, 2015, and 8:59 p.m. Pacific Time, February 11, 2015, by calling (855) 859-2056, or (404) 537-3406, with conference ID # 62294869.

Disclosure Using Social Media Channels

Glu currently announces material information to its investors using SEC filings, press releases, public conference calls and webcasts. Glu uses these channels as well as social media channels to announce information about the company, games, employees and other issues. Given SEC guidance regarding the use of social media channels to announce material information to investors, Glu is notifying investors, the media, its players and others interested in the company that in the future, it might choose to communicate material information via social media channels or, it is possible that information it discloses through social media channels may be deemed to be material. Therefore, Glu encourages investors, the media, players and others interested in Glu to review the information posted on the company forum (http://ggnbb.glu.com/forum.php) and the company Facebook site (https://www.facebook.com/glumobile), the company twitter account (https://twitter.com/glumobile) and Mr. de Masi’s twitter account (https://twitter.com/niccolodemasi). Investors, the media, players or other interested parties can subscribe to the company blog and twitter feed and Mr. de Masi’s twitter feed at the addresses listed above. Any updates to the list of social media channels Glu will use to announce material information will be posted on the Investor Relations page of the company's website at www.glu.com/investors.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement Glu's unaudited condensed consolidated financial data presented in accordance with GAAP, Glu uses certain non-GAAP measures of financial performance. The presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation from, as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, and may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. In addition, these non-GAAP measures have limitations in that they do not reflect all of the amounts associated with Glu's results of operations as determined in accordance with GAAP. The non-GAAP financial measures used by Glu include historical and estimated non-GAAP revenues, non-GAAP smartphone revenues, non-GAAP cost of revenues, non-GAAP operating expenses, non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP operating income/(loss), non-GAAP net income/(loss) and non-GAAP basic and diluted net income/(loss) per share. These non-GAAP financial measures exclude the following items from Glu's unaudited consolidated statements of operations:

  • Change in deferred revenues and deferred cost of revenues;
  • Amortization of intangible assets;
  • Non-cash warrant expense;
  • Stock-based compensation expense;
  • Restructuring charges;
  • Change in fair value of Blammo earnout;
  • Transitional costs;
  • Release of tax liabilities and valuation allowance; and
  • Foreign currency exchange gains and losses primarily related to the revaluation of assets and liabilities.

In addition, Glu has included in this release “Adjusted EBITDA” figures which are used to evaluate Glu’s operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as non-GAAP operating income/(loss) excluding depreciation. Adjusted EBITDA margin is defined as Adjusted EBITDA divided by non-GAAP revenue.

Glu may consider whether significant non-recurring items that arise in the future should also be excluded in calculating the non-GAAP financial measures it uses.

Glu believes that these non-GAAP financial measures, when taken together with the corresponding GAAP financial measures, provide meaningful supplemental information regarding Glu's performance by excluding certain items that may not be indicative of Glu's core business, operating results or future outlook. Glu's management uses, and believes that investors benefit from referring to, these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing Glu's operating results, as well as when planning, forecasting and analyzing future periods. These non-GAAP financial measures also facilitate comparisons of Glu's performance to prior periods.

Cautions Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This news release contains forward-looking statements, including those regarding our “Business Outlook as of February 4, 2015” (“First Quarter Expectations – Quarter Ending March 31, 2015” and “2015 Expectations – Full Year Ending December 31, 2015”), and the statements that we are focused on building the premier Hollywood gaming platform and improving the annuity characteristics of our franchises, we look forward to our growth in 2015 and beyond with confidence; we will create a free-to-play mobile game using Katy Perry’s likeness and voice that we expect to release in Q4-2015; and our strong balance sheet and global scale positioning us for sustained growth and profitability in 2015 and beyond. These forward-looking statements are subject to material risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Investors should consider important risk factors, which include: the risks identified under "Business Outlook as of February 4, 2015"; the risk that consumer demand for smartphones, tablets and next-generation platforms does not grow as significantly as we anticipate or that we will be unable to capitalize on any such growth; the risk that we do not realize a sufficient return on our investment with respect to our efforts to develop free-to-play games for smartphones, tablets and next-generation platforms, the risk that we will not be able to maintain our good relationships with Apple and Google; the risk that our development expenses for games for smartphones, tablets and next-generation platforms are greater than we anticipate; the risk that our recently and newly launched games are less popular than anticipated or decline in popularity and monetization rate more quickly than we anticipate; the risk that our newly released games will be of a quality less than desired by reviewers and consumers; the risk that the mobile games market, particularly with respect to free-to-play gaming, is smaller than anticipated; the risk that we may lose a key intellectual property license; the risk that we are unable to recruit and retain qualified personnel for developing and maintaining the games in our product pipeline resulting in reduced monetization of a game, product launch delays or games being eliminated from our pipeline altogether and other risks detailed under the caption "Risk Factors" in our Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 10, 2014 and our other SEC filings. You can locate these reports through our website at http://www.glu.com/investors. We are under no obligation, and expressly disclaim any obligation, to update or alter our forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

About Glu Mobile

Glu Mobile (NASDAQ:GLUU) is a leading global developer and publisher of free-to-play games for smartphone and tablet devices. Glu is focused on creating compelling original IP games such as CONTRACT KILLER, DEER HUNTER, DINER DASH, DINO HUNTER: DEADLY SHORES, ETERNITY WARRIORS, and FRONTLINE COMMANDO, and branded IP games including KIM KARDASHIAN: HOLLYWOOD, ROBOCOP: THE OFFICIAL GAME, and HERCULES: THE OFFICIAL GAME, on the App Store, Google Play, Amazon App Store, Facebook, Mac App Store, and Windows Phone. Glu’s unique technology platform enables its titles to be accessible to a broad audience of consumers globally. Founded in 2001, Glu is headquartered in San Francisco with major U.S. offices outside Seattle and in Long Beach, and international locations in Canada, China, India, Japan, Korea, and Russia. Consumers can find high-quality entertainment wherever they see the ‘g’ character logo or at www.glu.com. For live updates, please follow Glu via Twitter at www.twitter.com/glumobile or become a Glu fan at www.facebook.com/glumobile.

CONTRACT KILLER, DEER HUNTER, DINER DASH, DINO HUNTER: DEADLY SHORES, ETERNITY WARRIORS, FRONTLINE COMMANDO, GLU, GLU MOBILE and the 'g' character logo are trademarks of Glu Mobile Inc. or its subsidiaries.

   
Glu Mobile Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
December 31, December 31,
  2014     2013  
 
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents $ 70,912 $ 28,496
Accounts receivable, net

32,231

18,305
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   17,421     7,663  
Total current assets

120,564

54,464
 
Property and equipment, net 6,116 5,096
Restricted cash 1,990 1,730
Other long-term assets 6,674 637
Intangible assets, net 27,524 5,599
Goodwill   87,964     19,485  
Total assets $

250,832

  $ 87,011  
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Accounts payable $

11,685

$ 10,657
Accrued liabilities 3,812 1,971
Accrued compensation 10,751 5,378
Accrued royalties 12,440 1,727
Deferred revenues   37,333     18,224  
Total current liabilities 76,021 37,957
Other long-term liabilities   3,105     2,357  
Total liabilities   79,126     40,314  
 
Common stock 11 8
Additional paid-in capital 415,766 298,593
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss)/income (8 ) 307
Accumulated deficit  

(244,063

)   (252,211 )
Stockholders' equity  

171,706

    46,697  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $

250,832

  $ 87,011  
 

       
Glu Mobile Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
  Three Months Ended Twelve Months Ended
December 31, December 31, December 31, December 31,
  2014     2013     2014     2013  
 
Revenues $ 72,865 $ 34,841 $ 223,146 $ 105,613
 
Cost of revenues:
Platform commissions, royalties and other 29,625 9,803 80,992 32,371
Amortization of intangible assets   2,434     1,004     4,767     4,673  
Total cost of revenues   32,059     10,807     85,759     37,044  
Gross profit   40,806     24,034     137,387     68,569  
 
Operating expenses:
Research and development 16,053 12,618 64,284 46,877
Sales and marketing 12,275 10,608 45,076 26,120
General and administrative 7,154 4,162 25,019 15,550
Amortization of intangible assets 127 117 508 1,336
Restructuring charge   67     -     435     1,448  
Total operating expenses   35,676     27,505     135,322     91,331  
 
Income/(loss) from operations 5,130 (3,471 ) 2,065 (22,762 )
 
Interest and other income/(expense), net:
Interest income 10 5 30 16
Other expense   (988 )   (135 )   (1,502 )   (6 )
Interest and other income/(expense), net   (978 )   (130 )   (1,472 )   10  
 
Loss before income taxes 4,152 (3,601 ) 593 (22,752 )
Income tax (provision)/benefit   (2,773 )   78     7,555     2,843  
Net income/(loss) $ 1,379 $ (3,523 ) $ 8,148 $ (19,909 )
 
Net income /(loss) per share:
Basic $ 0.01 $ (0.05 ) $ 0.09 $ (0.28 )
Diluted $ 0.01 $ (0.05 ) $ 0.08 $ (0.28 )
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic 103,406 78,071 91,826 71,453
Diluted 106,954 78,071 96,922 71,453
 
Stock-based compensation expense included in:
Research and development $ 736 $ 849 $ 7,422 $ 1,948
Sales and marketing

 

209 103

 

701 303
General and administrative

 

1,189     632  

 

3,510     2,034  
Total stock-based compensation expense $ 2,134   $ 1,584   $ 11,633   $ 4,285  
 

           
Glu Mobile Inc.
GAAP to Non-GAAP Reconciliation
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 

For the Three Months Ended

March 31, June 30, September 30, December 31, March 31, June 30, September 30, December 31,
  2013     2013     2013     2013     2014     2014     2014     2014  
 
 
GAAP revenues 24,605 24,445 21,722 34,841 44,580 40,910 64,791 72,865
Change in deferred revenues   111     (1,251 )   886     8,005     2,377     (5,874 )   18,762     3,363  
Non-GAAP Revenues   24,716     23,194     22,608     42,846     46,957     35,036     83,553     76,228  
 
GAAP gross profit 16,069 15,697 12,769 24,034 30,824 28,037 37,720 40,806
Change in deferred revenues 111 (1,251 ) 886 8,005 2,377 (5,874 ) 18,762 3,363
Amortization of intangible assets 1,074 1,078 1,082 1,004 554 441 1,338 2,434
Non-cash warrant expense - - 427 - - - 1,126 66
Change in deferred platform commissions and royalty expense   (138 )   419     (245 )   (1,753 )   (1,209 )   1,527     (9,122 )   (108 )
Non-GAAP gross profit   17,116     15,943     14,919     31,290     32,546     24,131     49,824     46,561  
 
GAAP operating expense 21,563 21,651 20,612 27,505 30,117 31,703 37,826 35,676
Stock-based compensation (1,245 ) (736 ) (720 ) (1,584 ) (2,979 ) (4,566 ) (1,954 ) (2,134 )
Amortization of intangible assets (495 ) (495 ) (229 ) (117 ) (127 ) (127 ) (127 ) (127 )
Transitional costs - - - - - (682 ) (493 ) (255 )
Change in fair value of Blammo earnout (29 ) 47 31 (56 ) (304 ) (531 ) - -
Restructuring charge   (511 )   (937 )   -     -     -     (159 )   (209 )   (67 )
Non-GAAP operating expense   19,283     19,530     19,694     25,748     26,707     25,638     35,043     33,093  
 
GAAP operating income/(loss) (5,494 ) (5,954 ) (7,843 ) (3,471 ) 707 (3,666 ) (106 ) 5,130
Change in deferred revenues 111 (1,251 ) 886 8,005 2,377 (5,874 ) 18,762 3,363
Non-GAAP cost of revenues adjustment 936 1,497 1,264 (749 ) (655 ) 1,968 (6,658 ) 2,392
Stock-based compensation 1,245 736 720 1,584 2,979 4,566 1,954 2,134
Amortization of intangible assets 495 495 229 117 127 127 127 127
Transitional costs - - - - - 682 493 255
Change in fair value of Blammo earnout 29 (47 ) (31 ) 56 304 531 - -
Restructuring charge   511     937     -     -     -     159     209     67  
Non-GAAP operating income/(loss)   (2,167 )   (3,587 )   (4,775 )   5,542     5,839     (1,507 )   14,781     13,468  
 
GAAP net income/(loss) (5,497 ) (2,921 ) (7,968 ) (3,523 ) 133 (3,768 ) 10,404 1,379
Change in deferred revenues 111 (1,251 ) 886 8,005 2,377 (5,874 ) 18,762 3,363
Non-GAAP cost of revenues adjustment 936 1,497 1,264 (749 ) (655 ) 1,968 (6,658 ) 2,392
Non-GAAP operating expense adjustment 2,280 2,121 918 1,757 3,410 6,065 2,783 2,583
Foreign currency exchange loss/(gain) (129 ) (137 ) 159 130 136 31 347 981
Release of tax liabilities and valuation allowance   -     (3,148 )   -     -     -     -     (8,352 )   1,531  
Non-GAAP net income/(loss) $ (2,299 ) $ (3,839 ) $ (4,741 ) $ 5,620   $ 5,401   $ (1,578 ) $ 17,286   $ 12,229  
 
 
Reconciliation of net income/(loss) and net income/(loss) per share:
GAAP net income/(loss) per share - basic $ (0.08 ) $ (0.04 ) $ (0.11 ) $ (0.05 ) $ 0.00 $ (0.04 ) $ 0.11 $ 0.01
GAAP net income/(loss) per share - diluted $ (0.08 ) $ (0.04 ) $ (0.11 ) $ (0.05 ) $ 0.00 $ (0.04 ) $ 0.10 $ 0.01
Non-GAAP net income/(loss) per share - basic $ (0.03 ) $ (0.05 ) $ (0.07 ) $ 0.07 $ 0.07 $ (0.02 ) $ 0.18 $ 0.12
Non-GAAP net income/(loss) per share - diluted $ (0.03 )

 

$ (0.05 ) $ (0.07 ) $ 0.07 $ 0.06 $ (0.02 ) $ 0.16 $ 0.11
Shares used in computing Non-GAAP basic net income/(loss) per share 66,397 69,812 71,529 78,071 79,719 85,549 98,628 103,406
Shares used in computing Non-GAAP diluted net income/(loss) per share 66,397 69,812 71,529 81,433 85,398 85,549 105,438 106,954
 
Non-GAAP operating expense break-out:
GAAP research and development expense $ 11,630 $ 11,224 $ 11,405 $ 12,618 $ 15,579 $ 17,297 $ 15,355 $ 16,053
Transitional costs - - - - - (20 ) - -
Stock-based compensation   (668 )   (163 )   (268 )   (849 )   (2,317 )   (3,605 )   (764 )   (736 )
Non-GAAP research and development expense   10,962     11,061     11,137     11,769     13,262     13,672     14,591     15,317  
 
GAAP sales and marketing expense 5,008 5,143 5,361 10,608 9,485 7,989 15,327 12,275
Stock-based compensation   (67 )   (93 )   (40 )   (103 )   (101 )   (190 )   (201 )   (209 )
Non-GAAP sales and marketing expense   4,941     5,050     5,321     10,505     9,384     7,799     15,126     12,066  
 
GAAP general & administrative expense 3,919 3,852 3,617 4,162 4,926 6,131 6,808 7,154
Transitional costs - - - - - (662 ) (493 ) (255 )
Change in fair value of Blammo earnout (29 ) 47 31 (56 ) (304 ) (531 ) - -
Stock-based compensation   (510 )   (480 )   (412 )   (632 )   (561 )   (771 )   (989 )   (1,189 )
Non-GAAP general and administrative expense $ 3,380   $ 3,419   $ 3,236   $ 3,474   $ 4,061   $ 4,167   $ 5,326   $ 5,710  
 
               
Glu Mobile Inc.
Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

For the Three Months Ended

March 31, June 30, September 30, December 31, March 31, June 30, September 30, December 31,
  2013     2013     2013     2013     2014     2014     2014     2014  
 
 
GAAP net income/(loss) $ (5,497 ) $ (2,921 ) $ (7,968 ) $ (3,523 ) $ 133 $ (3,768 ) $ 10,404 $ 1,379
Change in deferred revenues 111 (1,251 ) 886 8,005 2,377 (5,874 ) 18,762 3,363
Change in deferred platform commissions and royalty expense (138 ) 419 (245 ) (1,753 ) (1,209 ) 1,527 (9,122 ) (108 )
Non-cash warrant expense - - 427 - - - 1,126 66
Amortization of intangible assets 1,569 1,573 1,311 1,121 681 568 1,465 2,561
Depreciation 731 661 633 682 620 607 617 669
Stock-based compensation 1,245 736 720 1,584 2,979 4,566 1,954 2,134
Change in fair value of Blammo earnout 29 (47 ) (31 ) 56 304 531 - -
Transitional costs - - - - - 682 493 255
Restructuring charge 511 937 - - - 159 209 67
Foreign currency exchange loss/(gain) (129 ) (137 ) 159 130 136 31 347 981
Interest and other income (3 ) (26 ) (4 ) - (6 ) (7 ) (7 ) (3 )
Income tax provision/(benefit)   135     (2,870 )   (30 )   (78 )   444     78     (10,850 )   2,773  
Total Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA $ (1,436 ) $ (2,926 ) $ (4,142 ) $ 6,224   $ 6,459   $ (900 ) $ 15,398   $ 14,137  
 

In addition to the reasons stated above, which are generally applicable to each of the items Glu excludes from its non-GAAP financial measures, Glu believes it is appropriate to exclude certain items for the following reasons:

Change in Deferred Revenues and Deferred Cost of Revenues. At the date we sell certain premium games and micro-transactions, Glu has an obligation to provide additional services and incremental unspecified digital content in the future without an additional fee. In these cases, we recognize the revenues and any associated cost of revenues, including platform commissions and royalties, on a straight-line basis over the estimated life of the paying user. Internally, Glu’s management excludes the impact of the changes in deferred revenue and deferred cost of revenues related to its premium and free-to-play games in its non-GAAP financial measures when evaluating the company’s operating performance, when planning, forecasting and analyzing future periods, and when assessing the performance of its management team. Glu believes that excluding the impact of the changes in deferred revenues and deferred cost of revenues from its operating results is important to facilitate comparisons to prior periods during which Glu did not delay the recognition of significant amounts of revenue related to its games and to understand Glu’s operations.

Amortization of Intangible Assets. When analyzing the operating performance of an acquired entity, Glu's management focuses on the total return provided by the investment (i.e., operating profit generated from the acquired entity as compared to the purchase price paid) without taking into consideration any allocations made for accounting purposes. Because the purchase price for an acquisition necessarily reflects the accounting value assigned to intangible assets (including acquired in-process technology and goodwill), when analyzing the operating performance of an acquisition in subsequent periods, Glu's management excludes the GAAP impact of acquired intangible assets to its financial results. Glu believes that such an approach is useful in understanding the long-term return provided by an acquisition and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes the accounting expense associated with acquired intangible assets.

Non-cash Warrant Expense. In the third and fourth quarters of 2013 and 2014, Glu recorded a non-cash charge related to the vesting of warrants to purchase shares of common stock issued to brand holders as part of third party licensing, development and publishing arrangements. These charges were computed using the Black-Scholes valuation model and were recorded in cost of revenues. When evaluating the performance of its consolidated results, Glu does not consider non-cash warrant expense as it places a greater emphasis on overall stockholder dilution rather than the accounting charges associated with the vesting of any warrants. As the non-cash warrant expense impacts comparability from period to period Glu believes that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes these charges.

Stock-Based Compensation Expense. Glu adopted ASC 718, "Compensation – Stock Compensation" beginning in its fiscal year ended December 31, 2006. Included in the stock compensation expense is the contingent consideration potentially issuable to the Blammo employees who were former shareholders of Blammo, which is recorded as research and development expense over the term of the earn-out periods, since these employees are primarily employed in product development. Glu re-measures the fair value of the contingent consideration each reporting period and only records a compensation expense for the portion of the earn-out target which is likely to be achieved. In addition, Glu is exposed to potential continued fluctuations in the fair market value of the contingent consideration in each reporting period, since re-measurement is impacted by changes in Glu’s share price and the assumptions used by Glu. When evaluating the performance of its consolidated results, Glu does not consider stock-based compensation charges. Likewise, Glu's management team excludes stock-based compensation expense from its short and long-term operating plans. In contrast, Glu's management team is held accountable for cash-based compensation and such amounts are included in its operating plans. Further, when considering the impact of equity award grants, Glu places a greater emphasis on overall stockholder dilution rather than the accounting charges associated with such grants. Glu believes it is useful to provide a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes stock-based compensation in order to better understand the long-term performance of its business.

Restructuring Charges. Glu undertook restructuring activities in the first and second quarters of 2013 and the second, third and fourth quarters of 2014 and recorded (1) non-cash restructuring charges due to vacating a portion of its offices in Washington, vacating its Brazil office and writing-off the cumulative translation adjustment upon substantial liquidation of its Brazilian entity; and (2) cash restructuring charges due to the termination of certain employees in its Brazil, China, Europe and U.S. offices. Glu recorded the severance costs as an operating expense when it communicated the benefit arrangement to the employee and no significant future services, other than a minimum retention period, were required of the employee to earn the termination benefits. Glu believes that these restructuring charges do not reflect its ongoing operations and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes these charges.

Change in Fair Value of Blammo Earnout. As part of the acquisition of Blammo, Glu committed to issue additional consideration in the form of Glu’s common stock to the former, non-employee Blammo shareholders if certain revenue targets are achieved. Glu recorded the estimated contingent consideration liability at acquisition and will adjust the fair value of the liability each reporting period. When analyzing the operating performance of an acquired entity, Glu’s management focuses on the total return provided by the investment (i.e., operating profit generated from the acquired entity as compared to the purchase price paid including the final amounts paid for contingent consideration) without taking into consideration any expenses recognized post-acquisition related to the change in fair value of the contingent consideration. Because the final purchase price paid for an acquisition necessarily reflects the accounting value assigned to both the consideration, including the contingent consideration, paid and to the intangible assets (including goodwill) acquired, when analyzing the operating performance of an acquisition in subsequent periods, the Company’s management excludes the GAAP impact of any adjustments to the fair value of these acquisition-related balances to its financial results. Glu believes that the fair value adjustments affect comparability from period to period and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes these charges.

Transitional Costs. GAAP requires expenses to be recognized for various types of events associated with a business acquisition such as legal, accounting and other deal related expenses. Glu has incurred various costs related to the acquisition and integration of PlayFirst and Cie Games into Glu’s operations. Glu recorded these non-recurring acquisition and transitional costs as operating expenses when they were incurred. Glu believes that these acquisition and transitional costs affect comparability from period to period and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes these expenses.

Release of tax liabilities and valuation allowance. In the second quarter of 2013, Glu recorded a non-cash income tax benefit related to the release of certain foreign income tax liabilities upon the expiration of the statute of limitations. Additionally, in the third and fourth quarters of 2014 Glu adjusted a portion of its deferred tax asset valuation allowance as a result of the deferred tax liabilities recorded in connection with the Cie Games acquisition. Glu believes that these non-recurring, one-time tax adjustments do not reflect its ongoing operations and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes these adjustments.

Foreign currency exchange gains and losses. Foreign currency exchange gains and losses represent the net gain or loss that Glu has recorded for the impact of currency exchange rate movements on cash and other assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies related to the revaluation of assets and liabilities. Accordingly, foreign currency exchange gains and losses are generally unpredictable and can cause Glu’s reported results to vary significantly. Due to the unusual magnitude of these gains and losses, and the fact that Glu has not engaged in hedging or taken other actions to reduce the likelihood of incurring a sizeable net gain or loss in future periods, Glu began, with the quarter ended December 31, 2008, to present non-GAAP net loss and net loss per share excluding foreign exchange gains and losses for comparability purposes. Glu believes that these gains and losses do not reflect its ongoing operations and that investors benefit from a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes these items, enabling investors to compare Glu’s core operating results in different periods without this variability. Foreign exchange gains/(losses) recognized during 2013 and 2014 were as follows (in thousands):

 
March 31, 2013 $ 129
June 30, 2013 137
September 30, 2013 (159 )
December 31, 2013   (130 )
FY 2013 $ (23 )
 
 
March 31, 2014 $ (136 )
June 30, 2014 (31 )
September 30, 2014 (347 )
December 31, 2014   (981 )
FY 2014 $ (1,495 )
 

Contacts

Investor Relations:
ICR, Inc.
Seth Potter, 646-277-1230
ir@glu.com

Glu Mobile Inc.